Defense - ULO
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What are the five characteristics of the Defense?
- - Preparation
- - Flexibility
- - Disruption
- - Security
- - Mass and Concentration
What characteristic arrives at main battle area before attacker AND involves detailed planning?
What are the two types of defenses under preparation?
Hasty and Deliberate.
What do you identify when preparing a Deliberate Defense?
- - Identify Avenues of Approach
- - Identify Primary Positions
- - Identify Secondary Positions
- - Identify Where to Kill the Enemy
In what characteristic does the defender disrupt the attacker's tempo and synchronization?
What are the four tasks within the obstacle plan?
- - Block
- - Fix
- - Disrupt
- - Turn
What characteristic provides security for the main effort and provides early warning to attacks?
Which characteristic provides quick, violent, and simultaneous action which weakens the enemy's will and do not allow any early enemy success?
Mass and Concentration.
What are the three defensive tasks?
- - Area Defense
- - Mobile Defense
- - Retrograde
Which defensive task concentrates on denying enemy forces access to designated terrain?
Which defensive task concentrates on the destruction or defeat of the enemy through a decisive attack by a striking force?
Which defensive task involves organized movement away from the enemy and is part of a lerger scheme of maneuver designed to regain the initiative and defeat the enemy?
What are the three forms of retrograde?
- - Delay
- - Withdraw
- - Retirement
Who controls the defense in near automation by using control measures?
What are the six examples of Defensive Control Measures?
- - Battle Positions
- - Direct Fire Control Measures
- - Disengagement Line
- - Fire Support Coordination Measures
- - Forward Edge of the Battle Area
- - Main Battle Area
What defensive control measure is a defensive location oriented on a likely enemy avenue approach?
What defensive control measure is the means by which maneuver commander employ and regulate direct fire?
Direct Fire Control Measures.
What is a phase line that, when crossed by the enemy, signals to defending elements that it is time to displace to their next positions?
What defensive control measure assist in the rapid engagement of targets and provide safeguards for friendly forces?
Fire Support Coordination Measures.
What are two of the most commonly used FSCMs in defensive operations?
Final Protective Fires and No Fire Area.
What defensive control measure is the coordinating area for fire support, positioning of forces, and the maneuver of units?
Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
What defensive control measure is an area where the bulk of a unit's combat power is deployed to conduct decisive operation to defeat an attacking enemy?
Main Battle Area.
What are the three forms of Defense?
- - Defense of a Linear Obstacle
- - Perimeter Defense
- - Reverse Slope Defense
What is known as any obstruction employed to disrupt, fix, turn, or block movement and to impose losses in personnel, time, and equipment?
What is a perimeter that is established when a unit must hold critical terrain or when it must defend itself in areas where the defense is not tied in with adjacent units?
What seven areas are utilized when planning a perimeter defense?
- - Use of terrain
- - Security
- - Mutual Support
- - All-around defense
- - Defense in depth
- - Responsiveness
- - Maximum use of offensive action
What affords friendly forces the element of surprise while the enemy is vulnerable, exposed on the crest?
Reverse Slope Defense.
Which type of defense is best suited for the defense of a linear obstacle?
What are the six Defensive Planning Considerations?
- - Movement and Maneuver
- - Exploit the Advantages of Terrain
- - Disrupt the Enemy Attack
- - Mass the Effects of Combat Power
- - Mobility/Counter-Mobility
- - Survivability Operations
Which defensive planning coordination places an emphasis on defeating the attacking enemy by repeated, unexpected blows before their final assault?
Movement and Maneuver.
Which defensive planning coordination focuses on terrain features that favor the defense?
Exploit the Advantages of Terrain.
Which defensive planning coordination focuses on destroying the enemy's key units and assets, particularly their artillery and reserves, or disrupt their timely introduction into battle at the point of engagement?
Disrupt the Enemy Attack.
Which defensive planning coordination does the following apply:
- Site-selection, discipline, and construction for defensive positions
- Hiding, blending, and disguising (for weapons, units, installations, and activities)
Name 2 types of terrain that can be utilized as a naturally occuring obstacle that provides little or no benefit to the enemy offensive.
Unfordable streams, swamps, and lakes.
What are the areas do you take into consideration when transitioning into the offense?
- - Transitional Tasks
- - Transitional Methods
- Commander's Intent
- Establish a line of departure
- Maintain contact with the enemy
- Redeploys the combined arms team based on a probable future employment
- Maintains or regains contact with adjacent units in a contiguous area of operations
These are known as what type of tasks?
- Attack using forces not previously committed to the defense (Slower of the two approaches)
- Attack using the currently defending forces (Forces quickly exhausted)
These are taken into consideration under what when transitioning into the offense?
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