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A system that allows each branch of government to change or veto acts of another branch to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful is called
Checks and Balances
The branch of government that makes (passes) the laws (Congress) is the
The branch of government that interprets the laws (judges and courts) is the
The branch of government that carries out the laws (president) is the
The first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution are called the
Bill of Rights
The supreme legislative body of a nation called
An organized group of people who share a view of what government should be and do (Democrats and Republicans) is called a
What did the states hope to gain under the Articles of Confederation? (3 things)
- 1) Freedom
- 2) Independence
- 3) Firm league of Friendship within the other states
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? (1 purpose)
To revise the articles of confederation
What is the purpose of the Constitution? (4 purposes)
- 1) To establish Justice
- 2) To ensure peace
- 3) To defend the nation
- 4) To protect the peoples well-being and liberty
What is the Bill of Rights and what does it guarantee?
First 10 amendments guarantee freedom
What happened when Congress decided to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
Many states signed (Ratified) the constitution
Why did the writers of the Constitution believe that the government's power should be limited? (inferred answer)
They did not want the government to be to strong
Which group wanted a strong national government, like that set forth in the Constitutions
Give some examples of "Checks and balances" in the U.S. Government. (3 examples)
- 1) President can veto an act that congress has passed
- 2) Congress can overtun the President's veto with a two-third vote
- 3) Judicial Branch can overturn the laws if they find it is against the constitution
What are the top three leaders of the United States in Order from least to greatest power?
- 1) Speaker of the house
- 2) Vice-President
- 3) President
Amendment: Guarantees that right to a fair trial and the right to have a lawyer
Amendment: Gives Americans the right to carry weapons to protect themselves.
Amendment: Gives Americans the right to freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press
Amendment: Forbids police and other officials from performing unreasonable searches and taking things from people.
Amendment: Guarantees that people cannot be tried or punished for the same crime twice, cannot be forced to be witnesses against themselves, and must be given proper legal procedures.