BIO 116 Ch. 1
Card Set Information
BIO 116 Ch. 1
What does HIV stand for?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
What does AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
What is the relation between HIV and AIDS?
HIV is caused by AIDS
What is AIDS?
the set of symptoms (syndrome) that results from the destruction of the patient’s immune system by HIV
Who first reported HIV? How long ago? Who was it found in? What was it called then?
Dr. Michael Gottlieb; 32 years ago; homosexual men; Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Who led the French and American teams that isolated HIV and developed blood tests to detect it?
Dr. Luc Montagnier and Robert Gallo, respectively
When was AIDS officially called AIDS?
Is there a vaccine for AIDS?
What is the class of drugs called to combat HIV?
Is it possible to have HIV and NOT AIDS? Why?
YES because it's only called AIDS when the immune system starts to lose function
When someone has HIV, what are the effects of other smaller infections?
smaller infection become really hard to handle
any other disease an HIV patient gets along with HIV (can be another STI or something small like a cold)
a period of time that an HIV patient has no symptoms and can be unaware of transmitting the virus
the time from first infection to the appearance of disease that may be, on average, 10 or more years
What makes HIV hard to study and control?
the incubation period
Can HIV be spread through casual contact (using the same phone or shaking hands)?
How is HIV transmitted?
Close/intimate contact through blood, sex, or childbirth
Who has the highest transmission rate? Who has the lowest?
sexually active homosexual males; heterosexual couples or birth
How many people die of HIV in the US annually?
How many new HIV infections are there in the US each year?
between 40,000 and 60,000
Who reports the global HIV statistics?
World Health Organization
a problematic disease worldwide
Where is considered to be the worst-infected place of HIV? Through which means of transmission?
Sub-Sarahan Africa; heterosexual sex
Besides Africa, where else is HIV really high?
South and Southeast Asia (like Thailand)
What can help places with high transmission rates of HIV?
education and more health care funding
How high does AIDS ranks as a cause of death in the world? In the Africa?