Card Set Information
Maltose - Glucose + Glucose
Sucrose - Glucose + Fructose
Lactose - Glucose + Galactose
is a Polysaccharide - Long chains of glucose (How plants store energy)
highly branched chains of glucose (How animals store fat)
1.) Soluble fiber - dissolves in water. Slows intestinal mobility and traps bile (Which is made of cholesterol) to lower cholesterol
: Oats, Fruit, Barley
2.) Insoluble Fiber - not soluble in water, increases intestinal motility
: Wheat, brown rice, vegetables, whole grains, seeds.
Body cannot maintain blood sugar
High blood sugar damages vascular system leading to
: blindness, heart disease, kidney disease, amputation etc.
: Polydipsia blurry vision
Polyurea pain in feet and limbs
Glucose in urine slow wound healing
Types of Diabetes
type 1 - jeuvinile onset or insulin dependant. Pancreas does NOT produce insulin, need an external source of insulin, usually a shot.
type 2 - adult onset. non insulin dependent. Pancreas produces indulin however cells do not respond related to obesity as large fat cells are more resistant to insulin.
Gastational - occurs only in pregnant women
Most abundant mineral in the body.
bones, teeth - living tissue - CA fluxes in and out.
deficiency - stunted growth, bone loss
toxicity - CA deposits in kidneys
: dairy boney fish leafy greens
2nd most abundant
combines with CA to form bones and teeth
: buffer dna/rna
: dairy and protein
bones and teeth, protein building, fluid electrolyte balance, cell integrity, nerve and muscle contractions, including heart muscle
: weakness, muscle twitching, bizarre movements, confusion.
: rare. may occur in use of MG containing laxatives.
: nuts legumes chocolate whole grains sea food.
main ion inside cells
heat beat.. deficiency occurs in dehydration. toxicity... not from food... but if injected its lethal.
: fresh fruits and vegetables
HCI in stomach
source - salt
source - protein foods
regulated growth metabolism and development
necessary to make new cells
woks with proteins and helps enzymes
not necessary but beneficial
usually in tap water
works with insulin to regulate and release energy from glucose
helps from hemoglobin and collagen ability to handle o2. also assists in energy releasing reactions and gene regulation.
protein 4 calories/gm
carbs 4 calories/gm
why do we chose food
5 characteristics of a healthy diet
3.) Calorie control
Dietary Reccomendation intake
Recommended Daily allowance
Tolerable upper intake level.
highest level of nutrients to prevent toxicity.
Estimated Average Requirements
Acceptable, Macronutrient Distribution Range
Sets an acceptable range for energy yielding nutrients.
< 18 - Underweight
18-25 - Normal weight
25-30 - Over weight
> 30 - obese