Chapter 14.3 New Rivals on the World Stage (5)

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marquezd1
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191825
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Chapter 14.3 New Rivals on the World Stage (5)
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2013-01-08 21:06:03
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Europe and the World: New Encounters, 1500-1800
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  1. Japan
    End of 15th
    • a.      End of 15th: Japan at point of near anarchy, but by 16th, powevuful individuals achieved unification
    •                                                               i.      Tokugawa Ieyasu= shogun (general), which initiated the most powerful and longest lasting of all the Japanese shogunates
    • 1.      Tokugawa rulers completed restoration of central authority and remained in power until 1868
  2. Japan
    Opening to the West
    •                                                               i.      Portuguese traders landed on islands of Japan in 1543à their ships began stopping at Japanese portsregularly to take part in regional trade between Japan, China, and SE Asia
    • 1.      First Jesuiit missionary, Francis Xaviar, had some success in converting to Christianity
  3. Japan
    Opening to the West Reaction (at first)
    • 1.      Visitiors welcomed by curious Japanese, who were awed by tobacco, clocks, etc.
    • a.      Local nobles interested in buying European weapeons and armaments to defeat enemies and unify islands
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Effect of Japanese military architecture was striking as local lords began to erect castles in stone on Euroepan model
  4. Japan
    Opening to the West Success of Catholic missionaries
    • 1.      Provoked strong reaction against presence of Westerneers
    • a.      When missionaries interefered in local politics, Tokugawa Ieyasu, expelled them all and persecuted Japanese Christians
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      A Christian peasant revolt in Kyushu was bloodily suppressed (1637)
  5. Japan
    Opening to the West: European merchants
    • 1.      Government closed the two major foreign trading posts on island of Hirado and Nagasaki
    • a.      Only small Dutch community in Nagasaki allowed to remain because the Dutch didn’t allow missionaries to interefere with trade interests
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Terms of staying strict
    • 1.      Allowed to dock at Nagasaki harber just once a year and could remain for only two or three months

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