Chapter 14.4 The Impact of European Expansion (2)

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marquezd1
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191833
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Chapter 14.4 The Impact of European Expansion (2)
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2013-01-08 21:37:21
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Europe and the World: New Encounters, 1500-1800
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  1. The Conquerors
    Expansion
    • a.      Expansion= land, riches, and social advancement
    •                                                               i.      Wives let too and found new marriage opportunites in New World
    • 1.      Became rich when husband died
  2. The Conquerors
    Expansion
    • a.      Expansion= land, riches, and social advancement
    •                                                               i.      Wives let too and found new marriage opportunties in New World
    • 1.      Became rich when husband died
  3. The Conquerors
    Economic effects
    •                                                               i.      Economic effects
    • 1.      Sought gold and silver
    • a.      Rich silver deposits found and exploited in Mexico and s. Peru
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Opened and value of precious metals imported into Europe quadrupled
  4. The Conquerors
    Gold and Silver
    • 1.      Gold and silver only two products
    • a.      Reciprocal important and exportation of plants and animals between Europe and Americas= Columbian Exchange
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Europeans  bring cattle, horses, and wheat
    •                                                                                                                                     ii.      They take agricultural products back , esp. potatoes
    • 1.      Potatoesà improved nutritionà increased population
    •                                                                                                                                   iii.      Red dye allowed artists and artisans to get perfect red for painting and cloth
  5. The Conquerors
    Lifestyle
    • 1.      New foods and drinks           
    • a.      Chocolate common drink
    • b.      First coffee and tea houses openedin London in 1650s and spread to other parts of Euorpe
    • c.       Chinese furniture and porcelain spread among upper classes, as well as Chinese ideas on intellectual attitudes
  6. The Conquerors
    Expansion due to Rivalries
    • 1.      Deepened competition among European states
    • a.      Conflicts over cargoes form New World and Asia
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Anglo-Dutch trade wars and British- French rivalry over India and North America warfared
    • 2.      Rivalries led to state-sponsored piracy in which governments authorized private captains to attack enemy shipping and keep proceeds for selves
  7. The Conquerors
    New View of World
    • 1.      15th: Europeans dependent on inaccurate maps
    • 2.      Explorations led to new maps with realistic portrayal of world, as well as new techniques called map projections that allowed them to show round surface on flat paper
  8. The Conquerors 
    New View of World: Gerardus Mercator
    • a.      Mercator projection by Gerardus Mercator (Flemish cartographer)
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Conformal projection that tries to show true shape of landmasses in limited area
    • 1.      Mercator projection shows shapes of land near equator right size, but farther away, they’re more exaggerated
    • a.      Greenland larger than S. America not accurate
    •                                                                                                                                                                                                               i.      Still valuable to ship captains
    •                                                                                                                                                                                                             ii.      Every straight line true direction
  9. The Conquerors
    New View of World: Psychological Impact
    • 1.      Europeans startled by new people
    • a.      Some thought they were inhuman and fit for labor
    • b.      Others thought uncorrupted and natural who needed to be converted
    • Relatively easy European success in dominating natives reinforced Christian Europe’s belief in superiority of European civilization and religion 

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