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A line is the path of a moving point. It is a visual element. Lines are basic compositional building blocks and can also lead the eye, set a mood/emotion or create emphasis. Two broad, basiccategories of line are ACTUAL lines or IMPLIED lines
Broad, basic category of line, these lead the eye and create mood
Implied or psychic Line
works to lead the viewer’seye into and through the composition. By implied or psychic, it is meant thatthese are not literal lines but our eyes follow a suggested or implieddirection. Can also make viewer feel mental connection.
What is under the category of actual lines?
Geometric and organic lines
- Horizontal/ Diagonal/ Vertical
- Horizontal suggests restfullness
- Diagonal suggests motion
- Vertical suggests stregnth and growth
irregular lines that are often found in nature and lack a definite geometric form
Contour lines define the edges of the subject.
Cross Contour Line
These lines enhance the sense of volume and dimensionality.
Drawn quickly and without detail
Structural lines reveal the various planes that establish a form and enhance the sense of volume and dimensionality of an object.
Calligraphic lines are smooth, fluid lines exploring various degrees of value, weight, and width. They can suggest a light source.
Mechanical lines are constant incharacter, lacking changes in value, weight or width. They are used in tech.drawings or architectural plans
Broken lines have parts missing from the image. The gestalt theory contends that our mind finishes the image without a lack of comprehension.
Altered lines are characterized by smearing, rubbing, blurring or erasing and can create a sense of imprecision, confusion or motion.
Decorative lines embelish the subject. In the examples given it looked like swishy curly ques everywhere.
Classical lines are sensitively drawn in a traditional manner, giving a sense of depth as well as detail. Looks like average highquality drawing.
Anatomical lines reveal the underlyingform of the subject slightly less cleaner then classic lines, there are lines that aren't noticed at first glance but really do show underlying form.
Angular (angry) line
These are straight lines used to describe a subject that isn’t typically straight by changing curves into angles. If drawn aggressively, they can suggest anger.
Reflection of light
colors are mixed in eye
mixing light. (How colors are mixed on computer screens / televisions)
Mixing pigments (How colors are mixed in printers)
3 properties of color
- Temperature - warm or cool
- Value - Dark or light
- Intensity - Bright is pure while dull is mixed
4 color systems
- monochromatic- different shades or tints of the same color.
- analagous - next to eachother on the color wheel
- complementary- opposites on the color wheel
- Triadic - 3 colors at ends of a triangle
Mixing gray into a color
red blue yellow
violet green orange
blueviolet redviolet redorange yelloworange yellowgreen bluegreen
absent of color
perfection, no flaws (Someones ideal woman)
As it is in real life - saggy skin and all
so outrageously crazy that it can't be real
Steps to abstraction
- 1 simplification
- 2 distortion
- 3 break image apart
- 4 move parts around
realistic parts replaced with geometric shapes
- focal point
illusion of space
gives a 2d design the illusion of a 3-d space
one point linear perspective
Lines that are parallel appear to converge and vanish at one point (vanishing point) on the horizon line.
2 point linear perspective
Parallel lines converge at two vanishing points on the horizon line
shapes whose boundaries usually consist entirely of curved lines.
shapes whose boundaries usually consist entirely of straight lines.
positive / negative shape integration
being aware of the shapes created by the background.. bg is important too
nspace-filling pattern that repeats the same shape with the objects fitting together like pieces of a puzzle.
to fool the eye
•Visual texture that is so extreme that it appears to be the real 3D object, not the 2D illusion.
factors that effect texture
- Material: smoothly blended charcoal as opposed to cross-hatched ink marks.
- Support: smooth hot-press Bristol board as opposed to rough-toothed watercolor paper
repeating object with no changes
every other repeats, either by size or color
objects repeats by small to large or large to small... creates strong eye flow.
Italian term used to describe artistic device of using dramatic light and dark to imply depth or volume
The relationship between light and dark
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