An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in 1787. Opposed to strong central government
A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers, The U.S. Congress, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate, is a bicameral legislature
Checks and Balances
A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the govt can check the actions of the others
A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central govt
A group of persons, called electors, that officially elects the president and the vice president of the U.S. The electors are selected by the voters in each state and in DC
An international agreement made by the president, without senatorial ratification, with the head of a foreign state.
An individual who was in favor of the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and the creation of a federal union with a strong central government.
The compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans that created one chamber of the Congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equality; also called the Connecticut compromise.
The power of the Supreme Court or any court to declare unconstitutional federal or state laws and other acs of government
A structure of government proposed by James Madison in which the powers of the government are separated into three branches:executive, legislature, and judicial.
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on governments.
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the population
Separation of Powers
The principle of dividing government posers among different branches of government
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules
A group of people occupying a specific area and organized under one government; may be either a nation or a submit of a nation
A doctrine that asserts the priority of national law over state laws. this principle is rooted in Article VI of the Constitution.
A legislature with only one legislative chamber. Nebraska is the only state to have this