AG 2

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  1. Anti-Federalist
    An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in 1787.  Opposed to strong central government
  2. Bicameral Legislature
    A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers, The U.S. Congress, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate, is a bicameral legislature
  3. Checks and Balances
    A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the govt can check the actions of the others
  4. Confederation
    A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central govt
  5. Electoral College
    A group of persons, called electors, that officially elects the president and the vice president of the U.S. The electors are selected by the voters in each state and in DC
  6. Executive Agreement
    An international agreement made by the president, without senatorial ratification, with the head of a foreign state.
  7. Federalist
    An individual who was in favor of the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and the creation of a federal union with a strong central government.
  8. Great Compromise
    The compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans that created one chamber of the Congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equality; also called the Connecticut compromise.
  9. Judicial Review
    The power of the Supreme Court or any court to declare unconstitutional federal or state laws and other acs of government
  10. Madisionian Model
    A structure of government proposed by James Madison in which the powers of the government are separated into three branches:executive, legislature, and judicial.
  11. Natural Rights
    Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on governments. 
  12. Ratification
    Formal approval
  13. Representative Assembly
    A legislature composed of individuals who represent the population
  14. Separation of Powers
    The principle of dividing government posers among different branches of government
  15. Social Contract
    A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules
  16. State
    A group of people occupying a specific area and organized under one government; may be either a nation or a submit of a nation
  17. Supremacy Doctrine
    A doctrine that asserts the priority of national law over state laws. this principle is rooted in Article VI of the Constitution.
  18. Unicameral Legislature
    A legislature with only one legislative chamber. Nebraska is the only state to have this
Card Set:
AG 2
2013-01-09 19:58:10
American Government

American Government chapter 2 terms
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