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2013-01-10 17:07:41
MNTII Quiz1c

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  1. general term for loss of appetite that may accompany other conditions
  2. collection or accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
  3. inability to control defecation
    bowel incontinence
  4. dental appliance that's attached to adjacent teeth for support to replace missing teeth
  5. loss of weight and generalized wasting that occurs during a chronic disease
  6. experiencing difficulty in defecation or infrequent
  7. artificial covering for the tooth created to replace the orig crown
  8. gradual decay & disintegration of teeth caused by bacteria
    dental caries
  9. emesis
  10. hematochezia
    passing bright red blood in the stools
  11. prosthetic device placed in the jaw to which a tooth or denture may be anchored
  12. branch of med- diseases and conditions of internal organs such as digestive system
    internal medicine
  13. yellow cast to the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes caused by the deposit of bile pigment from too much bilirubin in the blood, which is a waste product produced when worn-out rbc's are broken down. may be a symptom of a disorder such as gallstones blocking the common bile duct or carcinoma of the liver.
  14. passage of dark tarry stools. color is result of digestive enzymes working on blood in the GI tract
  15. urge to vomit
  16. branch of dentistry concerned w/correction of probs w/tooth alignment
  17. branch of dentistry- treats conditions involving gums and tissues surrounding teth
  18. small tumor w/a pedicle or stem attachment. commonly found on mucous membranes such as those lining the colon or nasal cavity
  19. branch of med- dx & trtmt of diseases & conditions of anus and rectum
  20. pain & burning sensation usually caused by stomach acid splashing up into the esophagus
  21. return of fluids and solids from the stomach into the mouth
  22. painful ulcers in the mouth of unk cause
    • aphthous ulcers
    • aka canker sores
  23. congenital anomaly in which the upper lip and jaw bone fail to fuse in the midline leaving an open gap. corrected with surgery
    • cleft lip
    • often seen along with a cleft palate
  24. congenital anomaly in which the roof of the mouth has a split or fissure. corrected with surgery.
    cleft palate
  25. infection of the lip by the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1)
    • herpes labialis
    • aka fever blisters or cold sores
  26. disease of the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bones; the most common cause of tooth loss
    periodontal disease
  27. enlarged and swollen varicose veins in the lower end of the esophagus. if these rupture, serious hemorrhage results; often related to liver disease
    esophageal varices
  28. acid from the stomach flows backward up into the esophagus causing inflammation and pain
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  29. cancerous tumor in the stomach
    gastric carcinoma
  30. protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm (aka a diaphragmatocele) and extending into the thoracic cavity; GERD is a common symptom
    hiatal hernia
  31. ulcer in lower portion of the esophagus, stomach, and/or duodenum; thought to be caused by the acid of gastric juices. initial damage to the protective lining of the stomach may be caused by a H.pylori bacterial infection. if the ulcer extends all the way through the wall of the stomach, it's called a perforated ulcer which requires immediate surgery
    peptic ulcer disease (PUD)
  32. abnormal tubelike passage from the surface around the anal opening directly into the rectum
    anal fistula
  33. cancerous tumor along the length of the colon and rectum
    colorectal carcinoma
  34. form of chronic inflammatory bowel disease affecting primarily the ileum and/or colon. autoimmune condition affects all of the layers of the bowel wall and results in scarring and thickening of the gut wall
    Crohn's disease; aka regional ileitis
  35. inflammation of the diverticulum (an outpouching off the gut), esp in the colon. inflammation often results when food becomes trapped w/in the pouch
  36. condition of having diverticula (outpouches off of the gut). 
  37. disease- diarrhea, often w/mucus & blood, severe ab pain, fever, & dehydration. caused by ingesting food or water contaminated by chemicals, bacteria, protozoans, or parasites
  38. varicose veins in the rectum
  39. severe ab pain, inability to pass stools, vomiting, & ab distension as a result of intestinal blockage. may require surgery
  40. protrusion of a loop of small intestines into the groin region through a weak spot in the ab muscle wall that develops into a hole. may become incarcerated or strangulated if the muscle tightens down around the loop of intestines and cuts off its blood flow
    inguinal herna
  41. result of the intestine slipping or telescoping into another section of the intestine just below it. more common in children.
  42. disturbance in the functions of the intestine from unk causes. symptoms generally include ab discomfort and an alteration in bowel activity.
    • IBS
    • aka spastic colon or functional bowel syndrome
  43. small tumors that contain a pedicle or stemlike attachment in the mucous membranes of the large intestine (colon); may be precancerous
  44. chronic inflammatory condition that produces numerous ulcers to form on the mucous membrane lining of the colon; unk cause
    • ulcerative colitis
    • aka IBD
  45. condition in which the bowel twists upon itself and causes an obstruction. painful & requires immediate surgery
  46. inflammation of the gallbladder; most commonly caused by gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct that block the flow of bile
  47. presence of gallstones
  48. chronic disease of the liver associated w/failure of the liver to function properly
  49. inflammation of the liver, usually due to a viral infection