Process of learning norms, beliefs, and behavioral expectations of a group other than one's own group.
Something accepted as true by a culture.
Process in which individuals from a minority group are absorbed by the dominant cultue and tak on the characteristics of the dominant culture.
The differences among groups of people that result from ehtnic, racial, and cultural variables.
The tendency to impose one's own beliefs, values, and pattersn of behavior on individuals from another culture.
The dynamic network of knowledge, beliefs, patterns of behavior, ideas, attitudes, values, and norms that are unique to a particular group of people.
The group whose values prevail within a society.
A group of people within a culture who share an identity based on race, religion, color, national origin, or language.
An individual's indentification of self as part of an aethnic group.
An assumption of cultural superiority and an inability to accept the ways of another culture.
An ehtnic, cultural, racial, or religious group that constitues less than a numerical majority of the population.
A grouping of people based on biological similarities. Members of racial group have similar physical characteritics, such as blood group, facial features, and color of skin, hair, and eyes.
Discrimination directed toward individuals or groups who are perceived to be inferior because of biological differences; often accompanied by oppression.
An expectation tha all people within the same racial, ethcnic, or cultural group act alike and share the same beliefs and attitudes.
A group of people with characteristic patterns of behavior that distinguish the group from the larger culture of society.
Principles and standards that have menaing and worth to an individual, family, group, community, or culture.
A written document (sometimes called a living will) recognized by state law that provides directions concerning the provision of care when a client is unable to make his or her own treatment choices.
Acting on the behalf of the client and protecting the client's right to make his or her own decisions.
Voluntary act whereby a person agrees to allow someone else to do something.
The distinciton between right and wrong based on a body of knowledge, not just based on opinions.
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)
A federal law that establishes standards for the privacy and security of health informations as well as a standard for electonic data interchange of health information.
A client's understnading of the reason for the proposed intervention, with its benefits and risks, and agreement with the treatment by signing a consent form.
A system composed of general rules governing conduct and the procedures for resolving disputes when rules are not followed.
Failure to meet the standards of acceptable care, which results in harm to another person.
Failure to provide care that a reasonable person ordinarily would use in a similar circumstance.
Patient's Bil of Rights
The rights and responsibilities of clients receiving care.
Beliefs and attitude tha may influence behavior and the process of decision making.
Respect for an individual's right to self-determination.
The obligation to do or caues no harm to another.
The duty to do good to others and to maintain a balnce between benefits and harms; paternalism is an undesirable outcome of beneficince, in which the health care provider decides what is best for the client and encourages the client to act against his or her own choices.
The equitable distrubution of potential benefits and tasks determining the order in which client's should be cared for.
The obligation to tell the truth.
The duty to do what one has promised.
Contract law is concerned with enforcement of agreements among private individuals.
Civil law is concerned with relationships among persons and the protection of a person's rights. Violation may cause harm to an individual or property, but no grave threat to society exists.
Criminal law is concerned with relationships between individuals and governments and with acts that threaten society and its order; a crime is an offense against society that violates a law and is defined as a misdemeanor (less serious nature) or felony (serious nature).
A tort is a civil wrong, other than a breach in contract, in which the law allows aninjred person to seek damges from a person who caused the injury.