N-CLEX Study

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N-CLEX Study
2010-05-18 16:24:04

N-CLEX Study
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  1. Acculturation
    Process of learning norms, beliefs, and behavioral expectations of a group other than one's own group.
  2. Belief
    Something accepted as true by a culture.
  3. Cultural Assimiliation
    Process in which individuals from a minority group are absorbed by the dominant cultue and tak on the characteristics of the dominant culture.
  4. Cultural Diversity
    The differences among groups of people that result from ehtnic, racial, and cultural variables.
  5. Cultural Imposition
    The tendency to impose one's own beliefs, values, and pattersn of behavior on individuals from another culture.
  6. Culture
    The dynamic network of knowledge, beliefs, patterns of behavior, ideas, attitudes, values, and norms that are unique to a particular group of people.
  7. Dominant Culture
    The group whose values prevail within a society.
  8. Ethnic Group
    A group of people within a culture who share an identity based on race, religion, color, national origin, or language.
  9. Ethnicity
    An individual's indentification of self as part of an aethnic group.
  10. Ethnocentrism
    An assumption of cultural superiority and an inability to accept the ways of another culture.
  11. Minority Group
    An ehtnic, cultural, racial, or religious group that constitues less than a numerical majority of the population.
  12. Race
    A grouping of people based on biological similarities. Members of racial group have similar physical characteritics, such as blood group, facial features, and color of skin, hair, and eyes.
  13. Racism
    Discrimination directed toward individuals or groups who are perceived to be inferior because of biological differences; often accompanied by oppression.
  14. Stereotyping
    An expectation tha all people within the same racial, ethcnic, or cultural group act alike and share the same beliefs and attitudes.
  15. Subculture
    A group of people with characteristic patterns of behavior that distinguish the group from the larger culture of society.
  16. Values
    Principles and standards that have menaing and worth to an individual, family, group, community, or culture.
  17. Advance directive
    A written document (sometimes called a living will) recognized by state law that provides directions concerning the provision of care when a client is unable to make his or her own treatment choices.
  18. Advocacy
    Acting on the behalf of the client and protecting the client's right to make his or her own decisions.
  19. Consent
    Voluntary act whereby a person agrees to allow someone else to do something.
  20. Ethics
    The distinciton between right and wrong based on a body of knowledge, not just based on opinions.
  21. HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)
    A federal law that establishes standards for the privacy and security of health informations as well as a standard for electonic data interchange of health information.
  22. Informed consent
    A client's understnading of the reason for the proposed intervention, with its benefits and risks, and agreement with the treatment by signing a consent form.
  23. Law
    A system composed of general rules governing conduct and the procedures for resolving disputes when rules are not followed.
  24. Malpractice
    Failure to meet the standards of acceptable care, which results in harm to another person.
  25. Negligence
    Failure to provide care that a reasonable person ordinarily would use in a similar circumstance.
  26. Patient's Bil of Rights
    The rights and responsibilities of clients receiving care.
  27. Values
    Beliefs and attitude tha may influence behavior and the process of decision making.
  28. Autonomy
    Respect for an individual's right to self-determination.
  29. Nonmaleficence
    The obligation to do or caues no harm to another.
  30. Beneficence
    The duty to do good to others and to maintain a balnce between benefits and harms; paternalism is an undesirable outcome of beneficince, in which the health care provider decides what is best for the client and encourages the client to act against his or her own choices.
  31. Justice
    The equitable distrubution of potential benefits and tasks determining the order in which client's should be cared for.
  32. Veracity
    The obligation to tell the truth.
  33. Fidelity
    The duty to do what one has promised.
  34. Contract Law
    Contract law is concerned with enforcement of agreements among private individuals.
  35. Civil Law
    Civil law is concerned with relationships among persons and the protection of a person's rights. Violation may cause harm to an individual or property, but no grave threat to society exists.
  36. Criminal Law
    Criminal law is concerned with relationships between individuals and governments and with acts that threaten society and its order; a crime is an offense against society that violates a law and is defined as a misdemeanor (less serious nature) or felony (serious nature).
  37. Tort Law
    A tort is a civil wrong, other than a breach in contract, in which the law allows aninjred person to seek damges from a person who caused the injury.