BLS Resuscitation

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Author:
jelliott
ID:
192065
Filename:
BLS Resuscitation
Updated:
2013-01-18 10:04:44
Tags:
EMT
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Description:
AAOS AEMT Ch 12
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  1. Permanent brain damage may occur if the brain is without O2 for __ to __ minutes.
    4 - 6
  2. What is the compression to breath ratio for an adult when performing CPR?
    30:2
  3. What is the rate of compressions for an adult during CPR?
    At least 100 per minute
  4. How deep should compressions be for an adult when performing CPR?
    At least 2" deep
  5. What are the five links of the chain of survival?
    • Early Access
    • Early CPR
    • Early Defibrillation
    • Early Advanced Care
    • Post-Arrest Care
  6. What is the most common cause of cardiac arrest in children?
    Respiratory arrest/failure
  7. How long do you check for a pulse in a unresponsive pt.?
    At least 5 sec but no more than 10 sec.
  8. Where do you check for a pulse in a unresponsive adult?
    Carotid Pulse
  9. When performing CPR in an adult, how far do you depress the sternum?
    At least 2"
  10. A condition in which air fills the stomach as a result of high volume and pressure or airway obstruction during artificial ventilation.
    Gastric Distention 
  11. What is the compression ration for one-rescuer adult CPR?
    30:2
  12. At what rate would you deliver compressions in adult CPR?
    At least 100 per minute
  13. Never interrupt compressions for longer than __ sec?
    10
  14. What is the compression ratio for two-rescuer adult CPR?
    30:2
  15. At what rate do you deliver rescue breaths in adult CPR?
    8 - 10 per minute
  16. How often do rescuers switch positions during CPR?
    Every 5 cycles or 2 minutes
  17. A valve device placed between the ET tube and a BVM that limits the amount of air entering the lungs during the recoil phase between chest compressions.
    Impedance Threshold Device (ITD)
  18. A device that depresses the sternum via a compressed gas-powered plunger mounted on a backboard.
    Mechanical Piston Device
  19. A circumferential chest compression device composed of a constricting band and backboard that is either electrically or pneumatically driven to compress the heart by putting inward pressure on the thorax.
    Load-distributing Band (LDB)
  20. Where do you check for a pulse in a unresponsive infant?
    Brachial Artery
  21. Where do you check for a pulse in a unresponsive child?
    • Carotid Artery
    • Femoral Artery
  22. How far do you compress the chest during infant CPR?
    About 11/2" or 1/3 the chest depth
  23. How far do you compress the chest during child CPR?
    About 2" or 1/3 the chest depth
  24. What is the rate of compressions during infant CPR?
    At least 100 per minute
  25. What is the rate of compressions during child CPR?
    At least 100 per minute
  26. What is the compression ratio for one-rescuer infant CPR?
    30:2
  27. What is the compression ratio for two-rescuer infant CPR?
    15:2
  28. What is the compression ratio for one-rescuer child CPR?
    30:2
  29. What is the compression ratio for two-rescuer child CPR?
    15:2
  30. At what rate would you deliver rescue breaths during infant CPR?
    8 - 10 per minute or 1 breath every 6 - 8 seconds
  31. At what rate would you deliver rescue breaths during child CPR?
    8 - 10 per minute or 1 breath every 6 - 8 seconds
  32. The stiffening of the body after death.
    Rigor Mortis
  33. A discoloration of the skin caused by pooling of the blood.
    • Dependent Lividity
    • Livor Mortis
  34. Decomposition of the body.
    Putrefaction
  35. Define STOP in relation to CPR.
    • S - Return of Spontaneous circulation (ROSC)
    • T - Transfer of pt. care
    • O - You are Out of strength and can no longer perform CPR
    • P - Physician gives order to terminate CPR
  36. The term for when a pt. who was in cardiac arrest starts breathing, coughing, or displays movement, or regains a palpable pulse or measurable BP; indicates CPR should be discontinued and post-cardiac care should begin.
    Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC)
  37. What method would you use to remove a foreign airway obstruction in a responsive adult pt. or a child over 1 YOA?
    • Abdominal-thrust maneuver
    • Heimlich maneuver
  38. What method would you use to remove a foreign airway obstruction in a unresponsive adult pt. or a child over 1 YOA?
    Begin CPR
  39. What method would you use to remove a foreign airway obstruction in a responsive infant?
    • 5 Back Blows
    • 5 Chest Thrust
  40. What method would you use to remove a foreign airway obstruction in a unresponsive infant?
    Begin CPR

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