Seventh Grade SS Ancient Egypt Geography/Culture Test

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veiwsonic2
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Seventh Grade SS Ancient Egypt Geography/Culture Test
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2013-01-23 20:23:18
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Seventh Grade SS Ancient Egypt Geography Culture Test
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Made 1/23/13, Test 1/24/13
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  1. Process of treating a dead body to preserve it from decay.
    Embalming or mummification
  2. Egyptian machine used to raise water for irrigation, had a long pole at one end attached to a bucket at the other
    Shadoof
  3. Steep rapids in a river, very large waterfalls
    Cataracts
  4. Another term for a god or goddess
    Deity
  5. To convert into an understandable language
    Decipher
  6. A two-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle of ancient times used in battle, races, or parades
    Chariot
  7. The existence after death, a period of time after one's death
    Afterlife
  8. A ruler of ancient Egypt
    Pharaoh
  9. A series of powerful rulers from the same family
    Dynasty
  10. Triangular-shaped area formed by deposits of soil and silt at the mouth of a river
    Delta
  11. A reed plant grown along the Nile, used for a writing material
    Papyrus
  12. Egyptian writing system based on pictures
    Hieroglyphics
  13. A four-sided pillar (like a pencil) that becomes narrower toward the top and ends in a pyramid; examples today include the Washington Monument and the Bunker Hill Monument
    Obelisk
  14. Process of mummification?
    • Removal of brain - thought had no purpose
    • Removal of vital organs - liver, intestines, stomach, lungs
    • Heart stayed in - thought was the center of intelligence
    • Organs placed in canopic jars
    • Body stuffed with natron (salt) for 40 days to dry out the body
    • Body soaked in oils and resin then wrapped in linens
    • Placements of amulets in linen wrappings for spiritual protection
  15. What was the book the deceased carried through the underworld that held spells, prayers, and maps to guide them?
    The Book of the Dead
  16. Describe how a person was judges 'good' or 'bad'
    If the heart weighed equal to or less than the feather of truth they were good, if the heart weighed more they were judged bad
  17. Supreme/Top god of Egypt
    Amon-Re
  18. God of the Dead/Lord of the unerworld
    Osiris
  19. Goddess of healing/magic
    Isis
  20. Pharaoh is "Living god of ____", brings to underworld
    Horus
  21. God of evil, violence, and disorder
    Set
  22. God of embalming/mummification
    Anubis
  23. A form of the sun god
    Aten
  24. God of writing and wisdom; gave Egyptians hieroglyphics
    Thoth
  25. Devourer of souls/heart
    Ammet
  26. Goddess of law/order and balance/truth
    Ma'at
  27. What year did the Old Kingdom start?
    2660 BCE
  28. What year did the old kingdom end?
    2180 BCE
  29. What was a ruler or king of ancient Egypt?
    A pharaoh
  30. Who united Egypt? What did he unite? What year?
    Menes/Narmer, all of Egypt, and in 3100 BCE
  31. Define dynasty
    A succession of rulers of the same line of descent; powerful group or family that maintains its position for a considerable amount of time.
  32. Define embalming
    Process of treating a dead body to preserve it from decay
  33. Define Shadoof
    An Egyptian machine used to raise water for irrigation, had a long pole at one end attached to a bucket at the other
  34. Define cataracts
    Steep rapids in a river, very large waterfalls
  35. Define deity
    Another term for a god or goddess
  36. Define decipher
    To convert into an understandable language
  37. Define chariot
    A two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle of ancient times used in battle, races, or parades
  38. Define afterlife
    The existence after death, a period of time after one's death
  39. Define dynasty
    A series of powerful rulers from the same family
  40. Define papyrus
    A reed plant grown along the Nile, used for a writing material
  41. Define Delta
    A triangular-shaped area formed by deposits of silt and soul at the mouth of a river
  42. Define hieroglyohics
    Egyptian writing system based on pictures
  43. Define obelisk
    A four-sided pillar (like a pencil) that becomes narrower at the top and ends in a pyramid; examples today include the Washington Monument and the Bunker Hill Monument
  44. What did Ammet do?
    He devoured souls and hearts
  45. What was Ma'at the goddess of?
    Law/order and balance/truth
  46. Who is Amon-Re?
    Supreme/Top god of Egypt
  47. What is Osiris the god of?
    God of the Dead/Lord of the Underworld
  48. What is Isis the goddess of?
    healing/magic
  49. What is Horus?
    Pharaoh is "Living god of _____", brings to underworld
  50. What is Seth the god of?
    evil, violence, and disorder
  51. What is Anubis the god of?
    embalming/mummification
  52. What is Aten?
    A form of the sun god
  53. What is Thoth the god of?
    wisdom and writing and he gave the Egyptians hieroglyphics
  54. A man united Egypt under his control. What was the man's name and what year was it?
    Menes/Narmer 3100 BCE
  55. Define dynasty
    A succession of rulers from the same line of descent, any powerful group or family that reins for a considerable amount of time
  56. In Egypt, pharaohs were considered what?
    gods
  57. In Mesopotamia, gods were considered what?
    messengers of the god
  58. What three things did pharaohs rule over?
    government, religion, and army
  59. Define pyramid.
    • A 4-sided immense structure that was the burial tomb for pharaohs. Only during old kingdom
  60. What is a 4-sided immense structure built only in the Old Kingdom that was the burial tomb for pharaohs?
    A pyramid
  61. What year did the old kingdom start?
    2660 BCE
  62. What year did the old kingdom end?
    2180 BCE
  63. What was the name of the first pyramid?
    The Step Pyramid
  64. For whom was the Step Pyramid built?
    Djoser
  65. Around when was the Step Pyramid built?
    2630 BCE
  66. What is the most famous location of pyramids?
    Giza
  67. For whom was the Great Pyramid built?

    Hint: Lion King
    Khufu
  68. Where did people get stone from to make pyramids?
    quarries
  69. What were stone blocks pulled on while making a pyramid?
    Sleds
  70. What was used to get the blocks up higher while building a pyramid?
    A ramp
  71. Skilled who chiseled blocks to perfection as the stone came up the ramps from the quarry?
    masons
  72. As the pyramid reached great heights, a what kind of ramp was made around the pyramid to pull up the blocks of stone?
    A spiral ramp
  73. After the capstone was places, ramps were taken down and the blocks were cut at an angle down and what so that they were nice and smooth?
    polished
  74. What was found inside a pyramid besides the mummy?
    Pictures of loves ones and devoted servants to keep him company and see to his commands and luxuries or treasures
  75. Who built the pyramids?
    Peasants and farmers
  76. Why did the builders build the pyramids?
    For the glory of the god-king (pharaoh) and need to work to be fed during the flood season
  77. Long ago who have stolen mummies and treasures from pyramids?
    robbers
  78. For how long did chaos and disorder pervade Egypt in the Old Kingdom?
    200 years
  79. Toward the end of the Old Kingdom, what happened to the pharaoh's power?
    It dwindled, decreased, declined... 
  80. Why did the power of the pharaoh decline at the end of the Old Pyramid?
    Climate changes, poor harvests, and civil war. Egyptians looked to the pharaoh as a god and expected him to control the forces of nature. When he failed, people began to doubt his authority
  81. What is the main part about the Middle Kingdom?
    That law and order was restores and thus they enjoyed a golden age of farming, trading, and arts
  82. Who was granted afterlife?
    The commoners. During the Old Kingdom, only the pharaoh had been expected to live forever. Now Egyptians came to believe that they too would live forever. This took away from the pharaoh's grandeur
  83. What group of Asian nomads invaded Egypt during the Middle Kingdom?
    The Hyksos
  84. For how long did the Hyksos rule for?
    70 years
  85. When did the middle kingdom start?
    2080
  86. When did the middle kingdom end?
    1640 BCE
  87. When did the Hyksos invade Egypt?
    1640 BCE
  88. What did the Hysos introduce to the Egyptians?
    Bronze weapons and horse-drawn chariots
  89. Who was responsible for kicking out the Hyksos?
    Queen Ahhotep
  90. In what year was Queen Ahhotep responsible for expelling the Hyksos? 
    1570 BCE
  91. When did the new kingdom start?
    1570 BCE
  92. When did the New Kingdom end?
    1075 BCE
  93. What is the main part of the New Kingdom?
    confidence in the Med desert in the north the cataracts in the south and the Sahara in the East and West led to the building of an empire
  94. Because of the Hyksos, what technology did the Egyptians gain?
    Bronze weapons and horse-drawn chariots
  95. Who was an Egyptian pharaoh/queen that encouraged what rather then waging war? 
    Hatshepsut believed in encouraging trade rather than waging war 
  96. For how long did Hatshepsut rule?
    22 Years
  97. Where's Hatshepsut's temple?
    Deir al-Bahri
  98. From when to when did Hatshepsut rule
    1479 BCE to 1458 BCE
  99. Who was a more war-like pharaoh then his stepmother who commanded power and wealth and ruled from 1351 BCE to 1334 BCE?
    Thutmose III
  100. Who was the pharaoh that ruled from 1351 BCE to 1433 BCE and introduced monotheism. What god was worshiped in this pharaoh's religion?
    Akhenaton, Aton
  101. Who was the pharaoh that came to power at age 9 that ruled from 1332 BCE to 1323 BCE, how old did he live to, and why do we know about him?
    King Tutankhamen (King Tut!), age 18, and because his tomb was never robbed
  102. How many chambers did King Tut's pyramid have?
    4!
  103. Who discovered King Tutankhamen's pyramid in 1922 CE?
    Howard Carter
  104. Who reigned from 1279 BCE to 1213 BCE that regained lands where and built the empire? how long did he reign for, and how old was he when he died?
    Ramses II, western Asia, 66 years, 90/91/99
  105. Why were tombs no longer placed where they usually were? Where were they located at?
    Too visible and easily robbed/Secret Cliffs or Valley of the Kings
  106. For how long did hieroglyphics stay unsolved?
    1,500 years 
  107. What stone unblocked the meaning of hieroglyphics?
    The Rosetta Stone 
  108. What year was the Rosetta Stone found by French soldiers
    1799
  109. Who deciphered the meaning of hieroglyphics?
    Jean Champollion
  110. In what year was the hieroglyphic code broke?
    1822
  111. What three languages were contained on the Rosetta stone?
    Hieroglyphics, Demotic, and Greek
  112. What material did Egyptians use to write on?
    Papyrus 
  113. What material did Mesopotamians use to write on?
    Clay tablets
  114. Put these in the hierarchy order ranking from top to bottom
    Merchants, Scribes, and Artisans
    Pharaoh
    Farmers
    Priests and Nobles
    Slaves
    • Pharaoh
    • Priests and Nobles
    • Merchants
    • Scribes and Artisans
    • Farmers
    • Slaves

  115. Label
    • A. The dead, being led by Anubis
    • B. The heart of the deceased
    • C. Anubis who is checking the scales
    • D. Ma'at and the scales of justice
    • E. Ammet the devourer of souls
    • F. Feather of truth/justice
    • G. Scribe's palette 
    • H. Thoth, who records the results
    • I. Horus, leading the dead to meet Osiris
    • J. Ankh

  116. Label
    • 1. Mediterranean Sea
    • 2. Red Sea
    • 3. Nile Delta
    • 4. Sinai Peninsula
    • 5. First Cataract
    • 6. Second Cataract
    • 6. (Farther up) Nile
    • 7. Lower Egypt 
    • 7. (Messy) Nubia
    • 8. Upper Egypt
    • 9. Fertile Land
  117. What was an effect of flooding in the nile?
    Fertile soil
  118. What were some advantages of the Nile?
    Water, food, transportation, fertile soil, and protection
  119. What was found in 1922 CE? What was found in 1799? What was deciphered in 1822?
    • 1922 - King Tutankhamen's tomb
    • 1799 - Rosetta Stone
    • 1822 - Hieroglyphics
  120. After who's rule did the power of Egypt eventually die out?
    Ramses II's
  121. Compare ancient Egyptians' writing system and the Mesopotamians' writing system
    Egyptians would write in hieroglyphics which were pictograms or ideograms, and they would write on papyrus. Mesopotamians wrote in cuneiform which was wedge-shaped writing and they wrote on clay tablets
  122. Describe the deceased individual would go through to reach or not reach paradise.
    • The Soul - 
    • The soul would go to the underworld and fight demons using the Book of the Dead wile the heart goes to the ceremony

    • The Body - 
    • The body would go through mummification

    If all is done well, the soul and body are rejoined and they go to the paradise. If not, the body goes to the underworld and the heart is eaten
  123. What are the main characteristics of the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages?
    • Paleolithic - Hunting and gathering
    • Neolithic - Farming and domestication
  124. What are the effects from the Neolithic age?
    farming and domestication of animals
  125. What are religious temples of Mesopotamia called?
    Ziggurats
  126. What are the 8 features of any civilizations?
    • Cities
    • Government
    • Religion
    • Specialization
    • Social classes
    • Arts and architecture
    • Public works 
    • Writing

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