Chapter 2 Bio Notes

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Anonymous
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1922
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Chapter 2 Bio Notes
Updated:
2009-11-30 16:54:49
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Biollogy Honor\'s Chapter2
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chapter 2 vocabulary terms
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  1. VOCABULARY SECTION
  2. An animal that only eats plants is...
    A herbivore
  3. An animal that only eats meat is...
    A Carnivore
  4. An animal that eats both plants and animals are...
    Omnivores
  5. What is the first level of the food chain/ pyramid after the producer
    caterpillar or 1st order heterotroph

  6. What is the second level of the pyramid called?
    Bluetit or 2nd order heterotroph

  7. What is the top level called?
    Sparrowhawk or 3rd order heterotroph
  8. The nonliving parts of an organism's environment
    (i.e. dirt, water, rocks)
    abiotic factors
  9. Made up of interacting populations in a certain area at a certain time
    biological community
  10. the portion of the earth that supports living things
    biosphere
  11. all the living organisms that inhabit an environment
    biotic factors
  12. A symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited.
    Commensalism
  13. the study of interactions that take place between organisms and their environment
    ecology
  14. made up of interacting populations in a biological community and the community's abiotic factors.
    ecosystem
  15. The place where an organism lives out its life
    habitat
  16. A symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit
    mutualism
  17. All strategies and adaptations a species uses in its environment
    niche
  18. A symbiotic relationship in which a member of one species derives benefit at the expense of another species
    parasitism
  19. a group of organisms, all of the same species, which interbreed and live in the same area at the same time
    population
  20. the relationship in which there is a close and permanent association between different species is...
    symbiosis
  21. an organism that uses light energy or energy stored in chemical compounds is a producer or...
    autotroph
  22. An organism that cannot make its own food and feeds on other organisms is called a....
    heterotroph
  23. organisms that break down and release nutrients are...
    decomposers
  24. A simple model that scientists use to show how matter and energy move through an ecosystem.
    food chain
  25. a feeding step
    trophic level

  26. The model that scientists use to show all possible feeding relationships
    food web
  27. the total weight of living matter at each trophic level
    biomass

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