Card Set Information
what are the regions of the abdominopelvic region?
Right and left Hypochondriac
right and left lumbar
right and left iliac (inguinal)
what are the regions of the quadrant system?
upper right and left
lower right and left
What are the directional terms?
what are the 4 body cavities?
what regions make up the posterior cavity?
what regions make up the anterior cavity and what are its 2 subparts?
subpart is the
which consists of the
pleural cavities, pericardial cavit
subpart is the
these 2 subparts are divided by the
what is homeostasis?
or the steady state
NO constant values
, only normal
--> bc the nature of the control mechanisms make
impossible to maintain
what is negative feedback and examples?
= the product of the rxn
the production of that product
-overshoot and undershoot (think of the normal ranges)
what is positive feedback and it's examples?
= the product of the rxn will
product of that rxn
3.) Blood Clotting
5.) Nerve Impulses
what are the 4 basic tissue types?
what are the functions of Epithelial Tissue?
covering, lining, and glands
-glands; because although glands are below the surface, they can generate vaginations, or an outgrowth, or a gland with no connection
name the different epithelial tissue cell shapes?
-Stratified = square-ish cells, round nuclei
-Columnar = tall cells, oval nuclei
name the different epithelial tissue cell layers?
-Simple = One cell layer
-Stratified = two or more cell layers
-Pseudostratified = short/tall cells interspersed, found ONLY in the
-Transitional = changes the # of layers it has constantly, found ONLY in the
What is Merocrine and give an example?
= a thin, watery method of
cell destruction when passing through.
sweat and salivary glands
What is Apocrine and give an example?
= thicker secretion, when the cell pinches off along with the secrection, and causes
cell destruction; a
sweat glands of axilla, public area, areolar areas, and mammary glands
What is Holocrine and give an example?
cell is lost
by thick secretion, where the cell actually becomes the secretion; a
What are mucous membranes?
that line open body cavities that open to the outside, such as: the nose, urethra, rectum, and digestive system
What are serous membranes?
body cavities --> lubricate against eachother for protection of internal organs
-pleural and peritoneum
what are synovial membranes?
-these are actually
-ONLY membranes that are NOT
cavities -> thin fluid lubricates
Name the functions of connective tissues?
-transport - blood
-protection - WBC
-body contours - redistribution of connective tissue
Name the 5 types of Connective tissue
2.) Connective tissue proper
4.) Bone (osseous) Tissue
Embryonic Connective tissue?
= the ultimate stem cell, and can become ANY kind of connective tissue
-differentiate into other adult connective tissue
Connective Tissue Proper?
-Loose(areolar) = 1
area of water storage (edema)
= can hold 2 structures together but can allow movement
-Dense - Collagen = Tendons/ligaments
=universal connective tissue -> WONT stretch
-Elastic = blood vessel walls/respiratory passageways
= will stretch and return to shape
-Reticular = organ framework
= forms "mesh/wiring" that holds cells to make framework for organs
-Adipose = long term E storage/Body contour/insulation/protection
What are the 3 types of cartilage?
1.) Hyaline --> nose/embryonic skeleton/repiratory tubes
2.) Fibrocartilage - strong bc of
reinforcment -->intervertebral discs/ public arch/ menisci of knee
3.) Elastic - made of
causing cartilage to return to shape after being bent --> ear/ larynx/ auditory canal
Name the types of Bone (osseous) tissue
aka Dense or Lamellar bone
or Cancellous bone (inside, and made of plates)
What is Vascular Connective Tissue?
= a liquid, blood, or blood forming tissue
What is isotonic movement?
= contraction WITH movement
What is isometric movement?
= contraction WITHOUT movement
Where is Smooth Muscle found and what are its characteristics?
-Organs and Vessel Walls
(<= irratation & stretching and/or hormones and ANS)
to repsond and
Where is Cardiac Muscle found and what are its characteristics?
-ONLY found in making up the
-striated (light/dark banding)
-intercalated discs --> if you stimulate one heart muscle, you stimulate them all
-intrinsic contractions = stimulates itself
to respond and
Skeletal Muscle function and characteristics?
-movement of skeleton
-control of bladder and rectum
- due to nerve stimulation
to respond and
Name the 2 components of Nervous Tissue
1.) Neurons =>
site with axons & dendrities
Functions = reception - conduction - stimulation
2.) Neuroglia =>
Holds the brain together, instead of connective tissue
Name the factors of tissue repair
-nutrition - bc you need E to heal
What is Atrophy?
= wasting of body tissues; NOT cell death, but cells shrink in size
What is Necrosis?
= death of tissues within a living organism; cell death due to
lack of blood flow
What is Gangrene?
= massive nercrosis + infection
What is Autotransplant?
transplant from same
, as in your own tissue.
What is Isotransplant?
transplant from a closely related individual, like a sibling or a tissue match
What is homotransplant?
transplant from same
, anybody in general
What is heterotransplant?
transplant from a different species, i.e. pig valves