Germany's attempt to get Mexico to attack the U.S.
The "Big Four"
*The Selective Service Act of 1917
Provided for the registration of men between 21 and 32 for the draft
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
WWI was started by his assassination
Sold by the U.S. to raise money for the war effort
Democratic President at the end of the Progressive Era
Citizen proposed law
Allowed direct election of Senators
Established Prohibition of alcohol
Established federal income tax
*The Butler Act/Law
Outlawed the teaching of evolution
*The Jazz Singer
First successful full length motion picture with sound
*Pleasey v. Ferguson
Established the rule of separate but equal
*Jim Crow Laws
Southern statutes forcing segregation of the races
Separation of Powers
The doctrine the divides power between the 3 branches of government
The group that favored the Constitution
*"ISM's" of WWI (x3)
Jury's decision after the Scopes trial
Guilty and fined $100
*Anti-Federalists were most responsible for what part of the Constitution
The first 10 Amendments
Harlem Renaissance composer. Contributed to jazz music.
Opposed the Constitution
Afraid of big government
Wanted a Bill of Rights
The Virginia Plan (houses? representation?)
2 houses of congresses
Representation based on population
The Great Compromise (houses?)
1 based on population
1 with equal representation
Wanted to punish the south and make sure that newly freed slaves received fair treatment
*Grant and Lee arranged the surrender of Confederate forces at __
What was the major weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
Lacked the power to collect taxes
*The president is a member of what branch of government?
3 Requirements to become President?
Natural born citizen
35 years or older
14 year resident in the U.S.
How old do you have to be to get elected to the House of Representatives?
25 years old
Length of term of a Supreme Court Justice
States in the confederacy (x11)
Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Florida
*First battle of the Civil War
Comparison of North and South population at time of Civil War
North: 20 mil
South: 9 mill, 3.6 mill slaves
*Lincoln's main concern in fighting the Civil War was __
Restoring the Union
Why did Americans tend to favor allies at the start of WWI?
Huge number of Irish and German immigrants in the U.S.
WWI was the bloodiest war in history because __
the development of new weapons
All are reasons why the U.S. entered WWI except..
A. unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany B. American fears that Germany would help England
C. Wilson's belief that the world must be made safe for democracy
D. Financial ties between America and the Allies
B. American fears that Germany would help England
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
What did Americans fear most in Wilson's peace plan?
Promise to respect and preserve League members against external aggression
What was life like in the trenches?
Daily death in the trenches
Rats, Frogs, and Lice
Got bored easily
What provision of the Treaty of Versailles created the most problems in Germany after WWI?
The amount of reparations Germany was assessed
How did economy and manufacturing process affecting the sale of cars in the 1920s?
Economy was booming which caused the sale of cars to increase
At Shiloh, Grant learned the Northern victory in the Civil war would __
require a war of exhaustion
*What branch of the federal government has legislative power?
*Who did the Virginia Plan give more power to?
Bigger states. The people.
*What issue was the "Great Compromise" primarily concerned with?
Representation of states
*What is the term for a type of government where power is shared between the central government and the states?
*Which state was the first to secede from the Union after the election of 1860?
*What group defended and saved Paris from the Germans in WWI?
American Expeditionary Forces
*What did the "Big Four" think of Woodrow Wilson?
He was arrogant + annoying
*What was the penalty for American troops who fell asleep on duty in the trenches during WWI?