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A technique, useful in structure elucidation, that is based on generating ions of a molecule in a magnetic field, then instrumentally determining the mass to charge ratio, and relative amounts of the ions that result.
The mass to charge ratio of the ions detected by mass spectrometry, where m is mass and z is charge.
The most intense peak detected in mass spectrometry.
The conversion of molecules to ions
An ionization method in mass spectrometry that places a sample under high vacuum then bombards it with a beam of high-energy electrons, which dislodges a valence electron from the gas-phase molecules and produces molecular ions that have a +1 charge and an unshared electron.
Electron impact ionization
The radical cation that has a +1 charge and an unshared electron, M∙+, which is produced in a mass spectrometer when one electron is dislodged from the parent molecule.
Ions produced by dissociation of the molecular ion in mass spectrometry
A rule that states that if the mass of the molecular ion in a mass spectrum is an even number, the parent compound contains an even number of nitrogen atoms (zero is an even number).
An ionization method in mass spectrometry in which a solution of the analyte is sprayed into the vacuum chamber of the MS from the tip of a high-voltage needle, and the extreme electrical potential imparts multiple charges to the analyte, and thus a family of m/z peaks
Electrospray ionization (ESI)
The method used in mass spectrometry to separate the ions of the sample that have been formed prior to detection.
A technique in which an analyte is mixed with low molecular weight organic molecules that are known for their ability to absorb and transfer energy from the laser to the analyte in the mass spectrometer
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)
A technique that couples gas chromatography (GC) with mass spectrometry (MS); the GC separates components of a mixture, then the MS gives the molecular weight and structural information about each component
GC/ MS analysis
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