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An identification procedure in which an eyewitness is presented with a single suspect within a short time (one hour) following the commission of a crime for the purpose of determining whether the victim/witness identifies this individual as the perpetrator.
An identification procedure, in which a group of persons, including the suspect of an offense and other persons not suspected of the offense, are displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining whether the victim/witness identifies the suspect as the perpetrator.
An identification procedure, in which an
array of photographs, including a photograph of the suspect of an offense and additional photographs of other persons not suspected of the offense, are displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of determining whether the victim/witness identifies the suspect as the perpetrator.
Either a person or a photograph of a person who is NOT suspected of an offense and is included in an identification procedure
For the purposes of this policy, the identification procedure relates to the physical line-up, photographic line-up or show-up which occurs as a result of member initiated investigation
Fair composition of a line-up enables the witness to provide a more accurate identification or non-identification.
In composing a line-up, the member shall Include ONE suspect in each identification procedure.
d. none of these
In photographic line-ups, include a minimum of FIVE fillers (non-suspects) per identification procedure
A filler photo shall be used in the lead photo position in a simultaneous line-up and a sequential photographic line-up administered by the member or the Independent Administrator.
In physical line-ups five fillers may not be readily available, but there shall always be at least TWO alternate choices for the victim/witness to view.
Once legal proceedings have begun and an assistant state attorney appointed, the attorney must agree to and be present at a physical line-up. This is not a requirement when using a photographic line-up.
Field show-ups can be used whenever a suspect is apprehended within close proximity to the crime and within a reasonable timeframe.
four most common forms of mental illness:
(1) Delusion – a false belief that an individual holds despite logical proof to the contrary.
(2) Hallucination – a perception of seeing, hearing, smelling, or tasting that has no basis in fact.
(3) Disorganized Thinking.
Major Depression – a feeling of being down, sad or dejected with an accompanying inability to concentrate
Persons with depression commonly:
(a) Are argumentative or easily irritated.
b) Talk negatively about themselves and feel hopeless.
(c) Cry easily.
(d) Sleep or eat excessively or not enough.
(e) Are withdrawn.
(f) Have thoughts of, or threaten, suicide.
(g) Have difficulty concentrating. (h) Lose interest in things they used to enjoy.
Bipolar Disorder –
Alternating symptoms of depression and symptoms of mania.
Persons experiencing mania commonly:
(a) Do not sleep or eat for extended periods.
(b) Have thoughts of, or threaten, suicide.
(c) Go on binges (e.g., spending, gambling).
(d) Talk very rapidly and too much. (e) Have racing thoughts.
(f) Are fidgety and overactive.
(g) Are easily distracted.
(h) Exaggerate their importance or ability
(1) Phobia (excessive fear).
(2) Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (intrusive thoughts and impulses).
(3) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. (4) Panic Attack.
(5) Ritualistic Behavior.
(6) Mental Re-experience of War.
(7) Chest pains or discomfort, sweating, trembling, choking, or feelings that one is going to die.
(1) A pattern of hurting him or herself or of taking risks.
(2) Self-defeating behaviors.
(3) A distorted world view.
(4) A pattern of violating others’ rights.
(5) Difficulty with interpersonal relationships.
(6) Limited success at work or daily living.
(7) Odd or eccentric thoughts or behaviors.
Common Conditions Not Considered Mental Illness
a. Mental retardation.
b. Developmental (learning) disabilities.
d. Drug use or addiction.
There are medical conditions that have symptoms similar to mental illness.
Examples of Emergency conditions include:
(2) Diabetic ketosis.
(3) Severe reaction to a new medication.
(4) Brain injury from head trauma.
Examples of Non-Emergency conditions include
(2) Advanced AIDS.
(3) Mild reaction to a new medication. (4) Dementia from illnesses such as Alzheimer’s disease
ASSESSMENT OF POSSIBLY MENTALLY ILL PERSONS
When responding to a mental health crisis, members are to:
a. Protect the subject.
b. Stabilize the situation.
c. Intervene to prevent further problems
To determine whether the person needs medical, substance abuse, or mental health intervention, ask the subject and people who know the subject specific questions designed to assess the person’s condition. If the nature of the condition cannot be quickly determined, request assistance from emergency medical personnel.
The following is a list of principles that members should use in attempting to resolve a mental health crisis:
a. Minimize environmental stimulation
b. Be aware of space
c. Establish a partnership
d. Be respectful
e. Listen, reflect, and clarify
f. Ask questions
g. Use simple communication
h. Reward positive behavior
i. Respect threats, deflect abuse j. Be aware of nonverbal cues k. Use common sense
a. Arrange EMS backup for a physical medical emergency.
b. Counsel and release or refer the individual to an appropriate health or support agency.
c. Counsel and release the individual to family, friends, or another support network, and refer to an appropriate agency.
d. Obtain the subject’s agreement to seek voluntary examination.
e. Seek protective custody: detain the subject for involuntary examination based on Baker Act or Marchman Act criteria.
f. Arrest the individual for criminal behavior. Arrest procedures outlined in FHP Policy 11.05 shall be followed
Encounters with persons described in this policy shall be documented on a UCR report and any other applicable form (i.e. traffic crash or use of control).
Refresher training shall be provided to all employees at least every three years.
Members are responsible for notifying a supervisor when another law enforcement agency requests assistance
Except for urgent need requests, supervisory authorization is required prior to a member assisting another law enforcement agency.
Supervisors are to monitor assistance rendered to other law enforcement agencies and ensure that the tasks performed conform to FHP Policy.
Supervisors shall ensure that information related to a request for assistance is forwarded through the chain of command to the district commander as quickly as practicable.
District Commanders shall be responsible for:
Reviewing all requests for assistance, as defined above, and ensuring that the tasks to be performed by FHP members are in accordance with FHP Policy and accepted criminal justice practices. Requests that do not meet the necessary requirements will be rejected
Serving as, or assigning a supervisor to serve as a single point of contact for other law enforcement agencies requesting assistance.
Requests for assistance shall be forwarded through the chain of command to the District Commander
Requests concerning possible significant contraband seizures should be turned over to Contraband Interdiction Program members, pending approval from the District Commander.
Generally, all arrests are to be made by the requesting agency.
If the agency requests that FHP members affect the arrest, arresting documents and investigative reports shall reflect that the arrest resulted while assisting the requesting agency.