Hindu Terms

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  1. Brahman 
    • -is the ultimate reality
    • -Existence itself
    • -absolutely present 
  2. Atman 
    • Sanskirit: meaning "self"
    • One's own understanding of the infinite Brahman 
  3. Prakriti/Mayaa 
    • A basic nature of intelligence by which the universe exists and functions
    • Explained in the Bhagavad Gita as "Primal motive force"
    • Composed of the three gunas: Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas
  4. Kalpa (aeon)
    A hindu Time cycle, equalling 4.32 billion years: a day of Brahma
  5. Ishwara (et. lord)
    • God with attributes
    • When God is viewed as the supreme personal being, rather than as the infinite prinicle
  6. Brahma
    • One of the main deities of Hinduism 
    • The God of creation
  7. Vishnu
    • God of preservation and sustenance 
    • Supports, sustains and governs the universe and originates and develops all elements within
  8. Shiva
    God of destruction 
  9. Avatar
    A deliberate descent of a deity to earth, or a descent of the supreme being
  10. Samsara
  11. Moksha
    The liberation from suffering, from the wheel of reincarnation 
  12. Avidya "to see"/"to know"
    • Sanskrit: "ignorance," "delusion"
    • opposite of Vidya (knowledge) 
  13. Jnana
    • "knowledge" 
    • knowledge=the total experience of reality
    • connecting with Brahman?
  14. Ananda
    The bliss and joy one experiences because they have experienced the absolute/ Samadhi 
  15. Gunas
    • The fundamental operating principles 
    • Sattwa
    • Rajas
    • Tamas
  16. Sattwa
    • understanding, knowledge (sinless)
    • creation
    • encompasses qualities of goodness
  17. Rajas
    • controlled by passion
    • preservation
    • energy, activity, ambition: can either by supportive or hinder the evolution of the soul
  18. Tamas
    • Ignorant, delusion
    • destruction
    • take longest to reach liberation 
  19. Mahat
    The basis of individual intelligence, part of Prakriti
  20. Buddhi
    • Part of Prakriti
    • The faculty by which objects are distinguished and classified
  21. Ahamkara
    • The ego sense
    • Manas: recieves impressions& brings to buddhi
    • 5 organs of preception: sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch
    • 5 organs of action
    • 5 tanmatras
  22. Jiva 
    Individual souls 
  23. Yoga
    • A way to reach Brahman, and be release by samsara
    • Includes 4 kinds: Jnana, raja, bhakti and Karma
  24. Jnana Yoga 
    • "knowledge" 
    • understanding the ultimate reality through knowledge
    • Steps:
    • 1.learning
    • 2.Thinking
    • 3.Differentiate oneself from oneself
  25. Bhakti Yoga
    Path of Love
  26. Karma Yoga
    Path of "action"
  27. Raja Yoga
    Path of removal from the materialistic world around you
  28. Caste System
    • Brahmins/ seers: the intellectuals
    • Kshatriyas/administrators
    • Vaishyas/producers: artisans, farmers
    • Shudras/followers: servants, unskilled laborers
  29. Saguna Brahman
    God-with-attributes, as thought of through the Bhakti yoga (through love)
  30. Nirguna Brahman
  31. Deontology (duty)
    Intent determines moral worth of actions
  32. Sikhism
    only path of God is the one given by God
  33. Darma(duty)
    • not everyone can be sitting meditation
    • gives justification for caste system
  34. Samadhi
    • That which on cannot explain
    • Connecting to Brahman 
    • A state of consciousness in which the consciousness of the experiencing subject becomes one with the experience object
  35. sannyasin
    Someone who completely devotes their life to Meditation
  36. apophatic theology
    A theology that attempts to describe God, the Divine Good, by negation
  37. Cataphatic theology
    A theology is the expressing of God or the divine through positive terminology
Card Set:
Hindu Terms
2013-01-13 02:23:28
Religion final

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