Buddhist Terms

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  1. Buddha 
    • "The awakened one" "the enlightened one"
    • 562-483 BCE
  2. Bodhisattva
    • An enlightened person who forgoes nirvana in order to devote oneself to the passion of others
    • Allows and supports a working society
    • Mahayana Buddhism 
  3. Shakyamuni 
    another name for Buddha 
  4. Arhat
    • a monk or lay person who is liberated and has attained nirvana
    • Theravada Buddhism 
  5. Tathagata
    • The word Buddha used when referring to himself 
    • also synonym for arahant: someone who has attained the ultimate in the holy life 
  6. Middle way
    • The path that leads to liberation 
    • We should position ourselves on neutral, upright and unbiased ground
  7. The Four Noble Truths
    • 1. Dukkha/Suffering
    • 2. The origin of Dukkha: is desire
    • 3. Dukkha can be overcome
    • 4. The path leading to overcoming suffering: Eight fold path
  8. Dukkha
  9. Tanha
    • "desire"
    • The craving or desire to hold onto pleasurable experiences, to be separated from painful or unpleasant experiences, and for neutral experience or feelings not to decline
    • A principal cause in arising suffering 
  10. Anatta
    • The illusion of the self 
    • Used when teaching that all things perceived by the senses are not really "I" or "mine" and therefore we should not cling to them
    • The paradox of Buddhism is that how can there be Karma if there is no soul? Candle lighting another: is it a new flame or the original one?
  11. Nirvana
    • "To Blow out"
    • Life's goal
    • the highest destiny of the human spirit
    • BLISS
  12. The eightfold path
    • Three parts: Wisdom, Ethical conduct and Samadhi,
    • Wisdom: right biew, right intention
    • Ethical Conduct: right speech, action and livelihood
    • Samadhi(concentration): right effort, mindfulness, concentration
  13. Sangha
    • "association" "assembly" "community" 
    • Buddhism to the monastic community of ordained Buddhist monks or nuns.
    • Theravada Buddhism is founded on it 
  14. Mindfulness
    one of the parts of the eightfold path important in reaching nirvana
  15. Samadhi
    mental concentration or composing the mind. It is one of three divisions of the Noble Eightfold Path.
  16. Skandas 
    • "heap"
    • An individual is a combination of five aggregates of existence, called the Five Skandhas: Form, sensation, perception, mental formation, consciousness
  17. Mahayana Buddhism 
    • Has more followers bc allows for a working society
    • Main attribute of enlightenment is COMPASSION
    • Boddhisattva
    • Buddha was the savior
    • Elaborates the metaphysics and emphasizes ritual 
  18. Theravada Buddhism 
    • Stays true to the letter of Buddha
    • Sangha
    • Arhat
    • Main attribute of enlightenment is WISDOM 
    • no metaphysics
  19. Zen
    A school of Mahayana Buddhism[note 1] that originated in China during the 6th century
  20. Tantra
    • "extension"
    • Sex is the divine, sex is a spiritual ally 
  21. Mantras
    • Sound: refers to the entire portion which contains certain texts
    • Movement: is a symbolic or ritual gesture
    • sight: "circle" paintings that hold ritual significance 
  22. Soteriology
    The study of religious doctrines of salvation;
  23. prajnaparamita
    • "the Perfection of (Transcendent) Wisdom"
    • Mahayana Buddhism: all things are illusory
  24. Zazen
    "seated meditation"
  25. Koan
    • "problem" questions/ riddles posed by a master to think about during meditation 
    • ZEN
  26. Sanzen
    • ZEN
    • "consulting concerning mediation"
    • A master asks the koan and student tries their best to answer it
  27. Kensho/satori
    Mystical experience 
Card Set:
Buddhist Terms
2013-01-13 03:12:45

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