The first five Books of the Bible, the Jews refer to these five books as Torah
Composed between 600bce-70ce
Consists of the foundational narrative of the Jewish people: their call into being by their God, their trials and tribulations, and their covenant with their God
First five books of the Tanakh written in Biblical Hebrew
All the teachings found in the Torah, both written and oral, were given by God to Moses
The Dual Torah
Composed after the second destruction of the temple in 70 ce
Includes: Tanakh and Mishnah
the written Torah
the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions
philosophical law coed 200 ce
Can refer to precepts and commandments as commanded by God
Also can refer to a moral deed performed as a religious duty.
Two components: The Mishnah and the Gemara
A way of interpreting biblical stories that goes beyond simple distillation of religious, legal, or moral teachings. It fills in many gaps left in the biblical narrative regarding events and personalities that are only hinted at
An individual who is claimed to have been contacted by the supernatural or the divine, and to speak for them, serving as an intermediary with humanity, delivering this newfound knowledge from the supernatural entity to other people
The national god of Israel in the Hebrew Bible
between the Jews and God
The practice of making unethical or immoral monetary loans.
Condemned in Judaism
His story is told in chapters 11-25 of the Book of Genesis
According to the account in Genesis, at the age of 75, Abram, obeying God's command, took his wife Sarai, and his household and traveled from Haran to Shechem in Canaan. Abram enters into a covenant with God, signified by the rite of circumcision. Abram is now known as Abraham (“father of many nations”)
Abraham is the father of the Israelites through his son Isaac.
The only son Abraham had with his wife Sarah
Isaac was one of the three patriarchs of the Israelites and did not leave Canaan
Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac's son Jacob,
Wife of Abraham, and mother of Isaac
Wife of Isaac
One of the Matriarchs (a woman who rules a family) of Judaism
a religious leader, lawgiver and prophet, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed.
he is the most important prophet in Judaism
the mountain at which the Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God according to the Book of Exodus