Anatomy & Physiology

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KellyM
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192598
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Anatomy & Physiology
Updated:
2013-01-20 23:43:23
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vocab ch1
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vocab terms
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  1. Anatomy
    The study of structure of body parts and their relationships to one another. 

    • Anatomy is concrete.  Body structures can be seen, felt, and examined closely.... you don't need to imagine what they look like.
  2. Physiology
    concerns the function of the body... how the body parts work and carry out their life-sustaining activities
  3. Gross, or macroscopic, anatomy
    • the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye
    • eg. heart, lungs, kidneys

    • Subdivisions:
    • regional anatomy= all structures in particular region of body (muscles, bones, blood vessels, nerves, etc)
    • systemic anatomy= body structure studied system by system (when studying cardiovascular system, you would examine heart and blood vessels of entire body)
    • surface anatomy= the study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface
  4. Microscopic anatomy
    deals with structures too small to be seen with naked eye

    • subdivisions:
    • cytology = cells of body
    • histology= study of tissues
  5. Metabolism
    broad term that includes all chemical reactions that occur within body cells

    "state of change"
  6. Inguinal
    groin
  7. Axillary
    armpit
  8. Mental
    chin
  9. Acromial
    shoulder
  10. Brachial
    arm
  11. Antecubital
    inner elbow
  12. Olecranal
    outer elbow
  13. Antebrachial
    forearm
  14. Carpal
    wrist
  15. Manus
    hand
  16. Pollex
    bridge under thumb
  17. Coxal
    hip
  18. Femoral
    thigh
  19. Patellar
    anterior knee
  20. Popliteal
    posterior knee
  21. Crural
    leg
  22. Sural
    calf
  23. Pedal
    foot
  24. Calcaneal
    heel
  25. Tarsal
    ankle
  26. Digital
    fingers and/or toes
  27. Plantar
    bottom of foot
  28. Hallux
    big toe area
  29. Otic
    ear
  30. Cervical
    neck - anterior and posterior
  31. Dorsal
    back
  32. Scapular
    shoulder blade
  33. Lumbar
    lower back
  34. Sacral
    tail bone area
  35. Serosa, or serous membrane
    thin, double-layered membrane covering walls of the ventral body cavity (thoracic and abdominopelvic... anterior) and outer surfaces of organs
  36. Parietal serosa
    the part of the membrane lining the cavity walls
  37. Visceral serosa
    covering the organs in the cavity
  38. Serous fluid
    thin layer of lubricating fluid separating the serous membranes

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