What is Anthropology?

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gandalfthegrey
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192640
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What is Anthropology?
Updated:
2013-01-13 21:25:57
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Cultural Anthropology
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Midterm I Review
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  1. What is Anthropology?
  2. Anthropology is the study of the _______ species and the ______ family.
    human; Hominidae
  3. What is the scientific method based on? (3 things)
    • Observation
    • Experimentation
    • Testing hypothesis
  4. Define hypothesis.
    A suggested explanation of phenomena.
  5. Data gathered by measurement and observation is known as _______.
    empiricism
  6. A theory is a set of _____ that ____ something.
    ideas; explain
  7. The human species is known as _____ _______.
    Homo sapiens
  8. Humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans all occupy the ______ family.
    Hominidae
  9. Anthropology as a discipline began in the _____ century as a study of "_______ peoples".
    19th; primitive
  10. We (the "_____") studied them (the ____ "_____")
    them; exotic "other"
  11. The Founding Fathers of Anthropology were.... (3 names)
    • Lewis Henry Morgan
    • Edward B. Tylor
    • Marcel Mauss
  12. Who is known as the father of British Anthropology?
    Edward B. Tylor
  13. Who was the father of American Anthropology for his study of kinship of Iroquis and his theory of savages of human cultural evloution?
    Lewis Henry Morgan
  14. Marcel Mauss was the father of _____ anthropology and is known for his concept of "the _____", or reciprocity.
    French; gift
  15. In what century was the study of peasants added to anthropology?
    20th century.
  16. What kind of people are considered peasants?
    Subsistence farmers, fisher people who sold excess production in market
  17. What is the term that means concerned with the whole of human condition at all times and with all dimensions of humanity (cultural, biological, social)?
    Holistic
  18. A comparative view of different cultural groups is known as...?
    cross-cultural perspective
  19. True/False: Cross-cultural perspective only looks at groups across different regions, countries, or cities.
    False. It also can look at those within a particular region, country or city.
  20. What are the 4 fields of anthropology?
    • Archaeology
    • Physical (biological) Anthropology
    • Linguistic Anthropology
    • Cultural Anthropology
  21. Archaeology is the investigation of ______ human behavior and cultural patterns through _____ remains.
    past; material
  22. Things that were created before writing are known as _______, while things created after writing was created is known as _______.
    pre-history; history
  23. What does physical (biological) anthropology examine?
    Human biological diversity.
  24. Physical (biological) anthropology examines _____ evidence of human societies and the ____ of the human species.
    fossil; evolution
  25. Linguistic anthology is the study of language in a _____ and ______ context, and is a subfield of ________.
    social; cultural; sociolinguistics
  26. Cultural (social) anthropology examines social and cultural ______ & _______.
    similarities; differences
  27. What is the "5th" field of anthropology?
    Applied Anthropology.
  28. What is applied anthropology?
    Anthropology to solve contemporary human problems.
  29. What two dimensions does applied anthropology recognize?
    • Theoretical/academic
    • Practical/applied
  30. Differences between anthropology and sociology:
  31. Anthropologists examine _________ ______, while sociologists examine ______ ______.
    non-industrial societies; industrial west
  32. _____ do short-term fieldwork while ______ do long-term fieldwork.
    Sociologists; Anthropologists
  33. Anthropologists examine _____ populations while sociologists examine _____ populations.
    small; large
  34. _______ involves participant observation, while _____ involves the use of questionnaires (statistics).
    Anthropology; Sociology

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