Psychiatry System

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  1. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    electrical shock applied to the brain to induce convulsions; used to treat severely depressed patients
  2. light therapy
    use of specialized illuminating light boxes and visors to treat seasonal affective disorder
  3. psychotherapy
    treatment of psychiatric disorders using verbal and nonverbal interaction with patients, individually or in a group, employing specific actions and techniques
  4. behavioral therapy
    treatment to decrease or stop unwanted behavior
  5. cognitive therapy
    treatment to change unwanted patterns of thinking
  6. psychotropic drugs
    medications used to treat mental illnesses
  7. trop/o
    a turning
  8. antianxiety agents, anxiolytic agents
    drugs used to reduce anxiety
  9. antidepressant
    agent that counteracts depression
  10. neuroleptic agents
    drugs used to treat psychosis, especially schizophrenia
  11. autism
    developmental disability commonly appearing during the first 3 years of life, resulting from a neurological disorder affecting brain function, evidenced by difficulties with verbal & nonverbal communication, & an inability to relate to anything beyond oneself in social interactions. Often exhibit rocking, repetitive hand movements, meaningless rituals, preoccupation with small objects or moving parts
  12. dyslexia
    developmental disability characterized by a difficulty understanding written or spoken words, sentences, or paragraphs, affecting reading, spelling, and self-expression
  13. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    dysfunction characterized by consistent hyperactivity, distractibility, and lack of control over impulses, which interferes with the ability to function normally at school, home, or work; specific criteria must be met before a Dx is made
  14. mental retardation
    condition of subaverage intelligence charcterized by an IQ of 70 or below, resulting in the inability to adapt to normal social activities
  15. anorexia nervosa
    severe disturbance in eating behavior caused by abnormal perceptions about one's body weight, evidenced by an overwhelming fear of becoming fat that results in refusal to eat & body weight well below normal
  16. bulimia nervosa
    eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by efforts to limit digestion through induced vomiting, use of laxitives, or excessive exercise
  17. substance abuse disorders
    mental disorders resulting from abuse of substances (drugs, alcohol, other toxins) causing personal & social dysfunction ; identified by the abused substance, such as alcohol abuse, etc.
  18. schizophrenia
    disease of brain chemistry causing distorted cognitive & emotional perception of one's environment characterized by a broad range of "positive" & "negative" symptoms. Positive include distortions of normal function (disorganized thought, delusions, hallucinations). Negative include flat affect, apathy, withdrawal from reality.
  19. disorganized schizophrenia
    featuring disorganized speech, behavior, and flat or inappropriate affect
  20. catatonic schizophrenia
    featuring catatonia
  21. paranoid schizophrenia
    featuring delusions, most often persecutory or grandiose types
  22. schizoaffective disorder
    concurrent with major depression or manic depression
  23. major depression, major depressive illness, clinical depression, major affective disorder, unipolar disorder
    disorder causing periodic disturbances in the mood that affect concentration, sleep, activity, appetite, and social behavior; characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, and loss of interest
  24. dysthymia
    milder affective disorder characterized by a chronic depression persisting for at least 2 years
  25. manic depression, bipolar disorder (BD)
    affective disorder characterized by mood swings of mania and depression (extreme up and down states)
  26. seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
    affective disorder marked by episodes of depression that most often occur during the fall and winter and remit in the springs
  27. generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    most common, characterized by chronic, excessive, & uncontrollable worry about everyday problems that affects the ability to relax or concentrate but doesn't interfere with social interactions or employment; physical symptoms are muscle tension, trembling, twitching, fatigue, headaches, nausea, and insomnia - symptoms must exist for 6 months before dx can be made
  28. panic disorder (PD)
    disorder of sudden, recurrent attacks of intense feelings including physical symptoms that mimic a heart attack such as rapid heart rate, chest pain, shortness of breath, chills, sweating, & dizziness, with general sense of loss of control or feeling that death is imminent; often progresses to agoraphobia
  29. phobia
    exaggerated fear of a specific object or circumstance that causes anxiety & panic; named for the object or circumstance
  30. agoraphobia
    fear of marketplace
  31. claustrophobia
    fear of confinement
  32. acrophobia
    fear of high places
  33. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    condition resulting from an extremely traumatic experience, injury, or illness that leaves the sufferer with persistent thoughts & memories of the ordeal
  34. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    anxiety disorder featuring unwanted, senseless obsessions accompanied by repeated compulsions, which can interfere with all aspects of life
  35. hypochondriasis
    preoccupation with thoughts of disease and concern that one is suffering from a serious condition that persists despite medical reassurance to the contrary
  36. affect
    emotional feeling or mood
  37. flat affect
    significantly dulled emotional tone or outward reaction
  38. apathy
    lack of interest or display of emotions
  39. catatonia
    state of unresponsiveness to one's outside environment, usually including muscle rigidity, staring, and inability to communicate
  40. delusion
    persistent belief that has no basis in reality
  41. grandiose delusion
    person's false belief that he or she possesses great wealth, intelligence, or power
  42. persecutory delusion
    person's false belief that someone is plotting against him or her with intent to harm
  43. dysphoria
    restless, dissatisfied mood
  44. euphoria
    exaggerated, unfounded feelings of well-being
  45. hallucination
    false perception of the senses for which there is no reality, most commonly hearing or seeing things
  46. alucinor
    to wander in mind
  47. ideation
    formation of thoughts of ideas (ex. suicidal thoughts)
  48. mania
    state of abnormal elation and increased activity
  49. neurosis
    psychological condition in which anxiety is prominent
  50. psychosis
    mental condition characterized by distortion of reality, resulting in the inability to communicate or function within one's environment
  51. thought disorder
    thought that lacks clear processing or logical direction
Card Set:
Psychiatry System
2013-01-14 01:08:08
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