Embalming II Test 3

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studytaz
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192643
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Embalming II Test 3
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2013-01-13 23:44:44
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Arteries veins nerves technical orientation prep room
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Embalming II Test 3 Arteries, veins, nerves; technical orientation to the prep room
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  1. Are found in large arteries and veins (such as the aorta)
    VASA VASORUM (LATIN FOR THE VESSELS OF VESSELS)
  2. Are networks of small blood vessels that supply large blood vessels.
    VASA VASORUM (LATIN FOR THE VESSELS OF VESSELS)
  3. Have a lumen.
    Arteries
  4. Are thicker than veins.
    Arteries
  5. Will stand open when cut.
    Arteries
  6. Are more elastic than veins.
    Arteries
  7. Are deep and well protected.
    Arteries
  8. Are creamy white to yellowish white in color.
    Arteries
  9. Appear thicker on the edges than in the center.
    Arteries
  10. Collapse when cut.
    Veins
  11. Are much less elastic than arteries.
    Veins
  12. Are structurally thinner than arteries.
    Veins
  13. Are generally deep and more protected below the waist.
    Veins
  14. Are blue in color; as affected by the color of the blood within.
    Veins
  15. Are generally more superficial and less protected above the waist.
    Veins
  16. Are very elastic.
    Arteries
  17. Do not have valves.
    Arteries
  18. Have three thick layers.
    Arteries
  19. Have a hollow “feeling”.
    Arteries
  20. Vasa vasorum are usually visible.
    Arteries
  21. The lumen is generally smaller than a vein.
    Arteries
  22. Have three thin layers.
    Veins
  23. Vasa vasorum are indistinct.
    Veins
  24. Have valves that prevent backward circulation.
    Veins
  25. Have relatively large lumens as compared to arteries.
    Veins
  26. Outer tunic of the artery
    Tunica Adventitia or Tunica Externa
  27. Middle tunic of the artery
    Tunica media
  28. Inner tunic of the artery
    Tunic Intima
  29. have a similar construction and consist of three major layers.
    Both arteries and veins
  30. Lined with endothelium.
    tunica intima
  31. the inner layer
    tunica intima
  32. in arteries contains an extra layer of smooth muscle that allows for increasing or decreasing the size of the artery.
    tunica media
  33. the middle layer
    tunica media
  34. the tunica adventitia in both vessels
    The outer layer
  35. Have no lumen.
    Nerves
  36. Show no vasa vasorum.
    Nerves
  37. Have very little elasticity.
    Nerves
  38. Have a hard “loose” center.
    Nerves
  39. Distinctly show nerve fibers.
    Nerves
  40. Have a solid center when cut.
    Nerves
  41. Are generally listening white in color.
    Nerves
  42. MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
    Instruments required
    • scalpel
    • ligature
    • vein scissors
    • vein expander
    • aneurism hook
    • bone separator
    • grooved director
  43. The embalmer may use a scissors or scalpel
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
  44. The transverse incision is most commonly used
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
  45. Care should be taken not to cut through the vessel.
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
  46. Longitudinal incisions do not work for sclerotic vessels.
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
  47. Care should be used when raising sclerotic vessels (they may break or tear easily).
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
  48. Generally the incision should not pass more than half way through the vessel
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
  49. Elevate the vessels on a bone separator or the handle of the aneurism hook before making the cut.
    MAKING THE INCISION INTO THE ARTERY OR VEIN…
    • transverse Incision
    • bi-irectional
    • diagonal incision
    • uni-directional
    • "T" incision
    • uni-directional
    • Double "T" incision
    • bi-directional
    • wedge incision
    • bi-directional
  50. What are the vasa vasorum?
    LATIN FOR THE VESSELS OF VESSELS
  51. Describe the physical appearance of arteries.
    Have a lumen.

    Are thicker than veins.

    Will stand open when cut

    Are more elastic than veins.

    Are deep and well protected.

    Are creamy white to yellowish white in color.

    Appear thicker on the edges than in the center.
  52. Describe the physical appearance of veins
    Collapse when cut.

    Are much less elastic than arteries.

    Are structurally thinner than arteries

    Are generally deep and more protected below the waist.

    Are blue in color; as affected by the color of the blood within.

    Are generally more superficial and less protected above the waist.
  53. Define the structure of arteries.
    Are very elastic.

    Do not have valves.

    Have three thick layers.

    Have a hollow “feeling”.

    Vasa vasorum are usually visible.

    The lumen is generally smaller than a vein.
  54. Define the structure of veins
    Have three thin layers.

    Vasa vasorum are indistinct.

    Have valves that prevent backward circulation.

    Have relatively large lumens as compared to arteries.
  55. What are the three layers of an artery?
    • Outer tunic of the artery
    •    Tunica Adventitia or Tunica Externa

    • Middle tunic of the artery
    •    Tunica Media
    •        contains an extra layer of smooth
    •        muscle that allows for increasing or
    •        decreasing the size of the artery

    • Inner tunic of the artery
    •    Tunic Intima
    •        lined with endothelium
  56. What instruments might be required to make an incision into an artery or vein?
    • scalpel
    • ligature
    • vein scissors
    • vein expander
    • aneurism hook
    • bone separator
    • grooved director
  57. Describe the appearance and structure of nerves.
    • Have no lumen.
    • Show no vasa vasorum.
    • Have very little elasticity.
    • Have a hard “loose” center.
    • Distinctly show nerve fibers.
    • Have a solid center when cut.
    • Are generally glistening white in color.
  58. What is the procedure for making an incision into an artery or vein?
    • The embalmer may use a scissors or scalpel.
    • The transverse incision is most commonly used.
    • Care should be taken not to cut through the vessel.
    • Longitudinal incisions do not work for sclerotic vessels.
    • Care should be used when raising sclerotic vessels (they may break).
    • Generally the incision should not pass more than half way through the vessel.
    • Elevate the vessels on a bone separator or the handle of the aneurysm hook
  59. That area or facility where embalming, dressing, cosmetizing, or other body  preparations are affected.
    THE PREPARATION ROOM…
  60. From garage or outer entrance for loading and unloading, etc.
    LOCATION…ACCESSIBLE…
  61. Close to selection room, state rooms, chapel, etc.

    Employees should not have to travel through prep room to get to other parts of funeral home.
    LOCATION…CONVENIENT…
  62. If the prep room is not sound proof, do not locate near chapel, state rooms, or selection room.
    LOCATION…SOUNDPROOFING…
  63. Large enough for easy movement of cots and caskets, air trays and transfer cases, etc.
    DOOR SIZE…
  64. Undesirable for obvious reasons.
    SECOND FLOOR OR BASEMENT…
  65. Plan for future growth.
    ARRANGEMENT AND SIZE…
  66. One for each 100-125 cases annually.
    HOW MANY TABLES…
  67. Ease of access for hairdressers, and other outsiders.  Allows work to be accomplished (cosmetizing, dressing, and hair) without the presence of unembalmed bodies.
    SEPARATE DRESSING ROOM…
  68. TYPES OF TABLE DRAINAGE…
       A toilet bowl.
       Minimum of space required.
       Flushing action downward minimizes
          cleanup.
       Should be installed low enough to permit
           free tilting and rotation of the table
    RIM FLUSH RECEPTACLE…
  69. TYPES OF TABLE DRAINAGE…
       Should have at least a 3 inch drain.
       A disadvantage is that it has no
          self-cleaning action.
       No strainer-allows cotton and waste to go
          down easily.
       Should be installed low enough to permit
           free tilting and rotation of the table
    SLOP SINK…
  70. TYPES OF TABLE DRAINAGE…
      Terminates in a floor sink which flushes.
      Disadvantages:
         It requires more floor space.
         The buildup of waste in the pipe.
    STANDPIPE…
  71. Cabinets and carts for supplies, fluid & instruments.
    STORAGE
  72. Storage for additional supplies.
    Keeps cabinets from being cluttered.
    UTILITY ROOM…
  73. Remember, when planning, to keep in mind
       work patterns.
    Arrange the room so that the number of
       steps is minimized while working
    Better to be too large than too small.
    Must be large enough for the easy transfer
       of bodies (in and out).
    Allow room for a body lift
    MISCELLANEOUS…
  74. Location of exhaust.
       3 levels at foot end of tables.
    Cooling and heating
       Separate unit for prep room
    VENTILATION
  75. Over each table
    Set in ceiling, not suspended
    Ease of cleaning and disinfecting
    LIGHTING
  76. Major considerations
       Ease of cleaning
       Amount of light reflected
       Attractiveness
       Pastels are soothing and less fatiguing to
          the eyes
    INTERIOR CONSTRUCTION…
  77. Use non-porous impervious substance, for
       ease of cleaning
    Should not absorb formaldehyde fumes
    Corners rounded to avoid injury.
    SURFACES
  78. The floor material should continue up the
       walls 3-5 inches. (This prevents a joint or seam at the junction.)

    Vinyl or linoleum is better than tile, it has
       fewer joints and seams to collect germs
        and debris.
    FLOORS
  79. Easily accessible to all employees possibly
        near eyewash station or shower.
    Someone designated to keep it stocked.
         Bandages
         Antiseptic rinse
         A protective wound ointment
         Breathing apparatus for chemical spills
    FIRST AID STATION…

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