Enlightenment people

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jtoner2009
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192649
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Enlightenment people
Updated:
2013-01-13 20:30:22
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  1. Louis XIV
    • 1. Believed he was king by divine right & was nicknamed sun king
    • 2. Created the ultimate pallace called ............
  2. Capurnicus
    • 1st to say earth is not the center of the universe
    •  1st to state earth revolves around the Sun (heliocentrism)
  3. Galilaeo
    • 1. Invented 1st decent telescope to see the solar system
    • 2. proved that the heliocentric theory was correct
    • 3. Views considered heoretical by the church & placed on house arrest
  4. Isaac Newton
    • 1. Discovered 3 laws of gravity
    • 2. Helped to discover calculus
    • 3. Largely thought of as the brightest mathematical and scientific mind of his time
  5. Descarte
    • 1. Book that made famous- Discourse on Method
    • 2. Believed that human reason could fully understand the world
    • 3. "I think, therefore I am" -Rene
    • 4. Invented anaylitical geometry
  6. James Watt
    • 1. Improved & perfected the steam engine
    • 2. Technologically set in motion the industial revolution in europe & the world
    • 3. Created measurement of engine power- horsepower
    • 4. Unit of energy named after him
  7. Francis Bacon
    • 2. Promoted enlightenment time period by always inventing & discovering
    • 3. Scientific Method
  8. Johannes Kepler
    • 1. Mathematically figured out exact eliptical paths of the planets
    • 2. leading atronomer & mathemetician of his era
  9. Immanuel Kant
    1. Book that made famous- Critique of Pure Reason
  10. Charles de Montesquieu
    • 1. Book made famous- Spirit of Laws
    • 2. 1st to come up with idea of separation of powers
    • 3. Created system of checks & balances where a king or queen didnt rule
  11. Jean Jacques Rrousseau
    1. book that made famous- Social Contract-about personal freedom- doing everything to better your community and yourself
  12. Franswa Voltaire
    • 1. One of most famous works- Candide
    • 2. In stories saturized religion & gov't because of intolerance
    • 3. Exiled & imprisoned for his inflamatory writings
    • 4. Promoted deism
    • 5. Faught for freedom of speech
  13. Thomas Hobbes
    • 1. Book made famous- Leviathan
    • 2. Only main writer who was pro-monarchy
    • 3. Basically said people are naturally selfish & egotistical
    • 4. Famous quote: Life is nasty, Bruteish, & short
  14. John Locke
    • 1. Book made famous- Two Treatises of Gov't
    • - Life, liberty, property
    • - Gov't is based on the concent of the governed
    • - All men created equal
    • - Promoted religious toleration through his writings

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