Card Set Information

2013-01-13 20:31:06

Diagnostic Week 1
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  1. Abdominal girth
    "The measurement of the abdomen's circumference, taken at the same place with each measurement. (Potter 1216)"
  2. Aldrete score
    Score based on the Aldrete Scoring System for determining a patient's postanesthesia recovery status. (Potter 1216)
  3. Aspiration
    The entry of gastric contents into the tracheobronchial passages. This increases a patient's risk for aspiratory pneumonia. (Potter 1216)
  4. Biopsy
    "The removal and microscopic examination of tissue, performed to establish precise diagnosis. (Potter 1217)"
  5. Bone marrow
    "Specialized, soft tissue filling the spaces in cancellous bone of the epiphyses; responsible for red blood cell production. (Potter 1217)"
  6. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
    "Substance contained within the four ventricles of the brain, the subarachnoid space, and the central canal of the spinal cord. (Potter 1217)"
  7. Cytology
    "The study of cells, including their formation, origin, structure, function, biochemical activities, and pathologic characteristics. (Potter 1218)"
  8. Deep sedation
    An induced state of sedation characterized by depressed consciousness so that the patient is unable to continuously and independently maintain a patent airway and experiences a partial loss of protective reflexes. (Potter 1218)
  9. Epidural blood patch
    Procedure whereby a physician injects a small amount of autologous blood into the epidural space. (Potter 1219)
  10. Fiberoptic
    Pertaining to fiberoptics; referring to the transmission of an image along flexible bundles of coated glass or plastic fibers having special optical properties. (Potter 1220)
  11. Herniation
    "The abnormal protrusion of an organ or other body structure through a defect or natural opening in a covering, membrane, muscle, or bone. (Potter 1220)"
  12. Intestinal obstruction
    Any obstruction that results in failure of the contents of the intestine to pass through the lumen of the bowel. (Potter 1221)
  13. Intravenous conscious sedation (IV sedation)
    The intravenous administration of pharmacological agents to provide a minimally depressed level of consciousness to provide comfort during diagnostic or treatment procedures. (Potter 1221)
  14. Lavage
    The irrigation or washing out of an organ or cavity. (Potter 1222)
  15. Lumens
    The hollow channel within a tube. (Potter 1222)
  16. Manometer
    An instrument for measuring pressure or tension of liquids or gases. (Potter 1222)
  17. Medullary
    Of or pertaining to the medulla of the brain. (Potter 1222)
  18. Minimal sedation
    Lightest level of sedation; includes local and topical anesthetics and peripheral nerve blocks. (Potter 1222)
  19. Moderate sedation
    "A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. (Potter 1222)"
  20. Modified Ramsay sedation scale
    A numeric rating scale used to evaluate patient's level of sedation. (Potter 1222)
  21. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
    Procedures such as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) performed during cardiac catheterization. (Potter 1224)
  22. Peritoneal fluid
    Substance in the abdominal cavity for lubrication of peritoneal membrane and internal organs. (Potter 1224)
  23. Precordial
    "Of or pertaining to the precordium, which forms the region over the heart and the lower part of the thorax. (Potter 1225)"
  24. Radiopaque
    Not permitting the passage of x-rays or other radiant energy. Bones are relatively radiopaque and therefore show as white areas on an exposed x-ray film. (Potter 1225)
  25. Stopcock
    A valve that controls the flow of fluid or air through a tube. (Potter 1226)
  26. Subarachnoid space
    "Situated or occurring between the arachnoid and the pia mater membranes, which cover the brain and spinal cord. (Potter 1226)"
  27. Thrombocytopenia
    A decrease in circulating platelets. (Potter 1227)
  28. Tracheobronchial tree
    "Anatomical divisions of the respiratory tract, including the combination of trachea, bifurcations into the right and left mainstem bronchi, and subsequent bifurcations into smaller bronchi and bronchioles. (Potter 1227)"
  29. Trocar
    "A sharp, pointed rod that fits inside a tube; used to pierce the skin and the wall of a cavity or canal in the body to aspirate fluids, to instill a medication or solution, or to guide the placement of a soft catheter. (Potter 1227)"