Card Set Information
earth centered universe
sun centered universe
-logical method for gathering data & testing ideas through experimentation
-sir francis bacon helped develop it
hobbes social contract
-citizens give up power to a central gov. in exchange for security
-rule of law
-developed the heliocentric theory
-25 years of studying the planets & stars pointed to this fact
-challenged several ideas held by the church & greek scholars
-church arrested him & forced him to recant his beliefs
-known for testing ideas using logic & math, not experimentation like other
-"I think, therefor I am"
-discovered gravity & laws of motion when an apple fell on his head
-developed idea of god as a clockmaker
-theorized that small particles, atoms, made up earth opposed to aristotles theory of earth, wind, fire, & water
-believed man is naturally selfish & a powerful gov. is needed to prevent chaos and conflict
-man has natural rights--life, liberty, &
consent of the governed
--man can govern self, should control gov.
-role of gov. is to protect natural rights of citizens--otherwise they should be overthrown
-declaration of independence
-separation of powers/checks + balances in gov.
-3 branches who all check each other
-pres. can veto, congress can override & impeach, judiciary can declare something unconstitutional
-consent of the governed--ppl control their gov.
-laws limit us to protect us
rousseau's social contract
-citizens give up liberties for common good
-rights for the
-jury trial, lawyer, illegal searches, fair punishment, etc.
-4,5,6,7, & 8 amendments
secular vs. religious
-bcs. of scientific rev., enlightenment, and emphasis of proof people began to question god more than before
-led to a rise in secularism=worldliness, devotion to things of earth opposed to the divine
-philosophes taught that the individual could determine the right & wrong for themselves & change gov. & society for the better
-sole purpose of gov. was to serve the individual
-humanism to its extreme
-first started disecting humans (illegal with church before)=this resulted in more accurate study
-small pox--dangerous at first
-time when scientists began testing old ideas about the world & universe, they questioned "reality"
-groups of scholars hanging out discussing topics