Wounds.txt

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Author:
Marie
ID:
192655
Filename:
Wounds.txt
Updated:
2013-01-13 20:34:32
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Wounds
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Wounds Week 1
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  1. abrasion
    Scraping or rubbing away of epidermis; may result in localized bleeding and later weeping of serous fluid. (Potter 1177)
  2. binders
    Bandages made of large pieces of material to fit specific body parts. (Potter 1178)
  3. blanchable hyperemia
    "Redness of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries. When pressure is applied to the skin, the area blanches, or turns a lighter color. (Potter 1179)"
  4. cachexia
    "Malnutrition marked by weakness and emaciation, usually associated with severe illness. (Potter 1179)"
  5. compress
    "Soft pad of gauze or cloth used to apply heat, cold, or medications to the surface of a body part. (Potter 1180)"
  6. debride
    Remove death tissue
  7. dehiscence
    "Separation of a wound's edges, revealing underlying tissues. (Potter 1181)"
  8. ecchymosis
    Discoloration of the skin or bruise caused by leakage of blood into subcutaneous tissues as a result of trauma to underlying tissues. (Potter 1182)
  9. eschar
    "A thick layer of dead, dry tissue that covers a pressure ulcer or thermal burn; it may be allowed to be sloughed off naturally or it may need to be surgically removed. (Potter 1182)"
  10. evisceration
    Protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound. (Potter 1182)
  11. fistula
    Abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs. (Potter 1183)
  12. friction
    Effects of rubbing or the resistance that a moving body meets from the surface on which it moves; a force that occurs in a direction to oppose movement. (Potter 1183)
  13. granulation tissue
    "Soft, pink, fleshy projections of tissue that form during the healing process in a wound not healing by primary intention. (Potter 1183)"
  14. hematoma
    Collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the skin or an organ. (Potter 1184)
  15. hemostasis
    Termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or by the coagulation process of the body. (Potter 1184)
  16. induration
    "Hardening of a tissue, particularly the skin, because of edema or inflammation. (Potter 1184)"
  17. laceration
    "Torn, jagged wound. (Potter 1185)"
  18. maceration
    Softening and breaking down of skin from prolonged exposure to moisture. (Potter 1185)
  19. nonblanchable hyperemia
    "Redness of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries. The redness persists when pressure is applied to the area, indicating tissue damage. (Potter 1187)"
  20. pressure ulcer
    "Inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence. (Potter 1189)"
  21. primary intention
    "Primary union of the edges of a wound, progressing to complete scar formation without granulation. (Potter 1189)"
  22. reactive hyperemia
    redness of the skin resulting from dilation of the superficial capillaries (Potter 1059)
  23. secondary intention
    "Wound closure in which the edges are separated, granulation tissue develops to fill the gap, and, finally, epithelium grows in over the granulation, producing a larger scar than results with primary intention. (Potter 1190)"
  24. shear
    Force exerted against the skin while the skin remains stationary and the bony structures move. (Potter 1190)
  25. sitz bath
    Bath in which only the hips or buttocks are immersed in fluid. (Potter 1191)
  26. tissue ischemia
    Point at which tissues receive insufficient oxygen and perfusion. (Potter 1192)
  27. Approximated
    "To come close together, as in the edges of a wound."
  28. Blanching
    turn lighter in color
  29. Catarrhal
    "inflammation of a mucous membrane, particularly of the head and throat, with free discharge of mucus"
  30. Collagen
    "The fibrous protein constituent of bone, cartilage, tendon, and other connective tissue that converts into gelatin by boiling."
  31. Debriment
    Removal of dead tissue from a wound.
  32. Drainage evacuators
    "Convenient portable units that connect to tubular drains lying within a wound bed and exert a safe, constant, low-pressure vacuum to remove and collect drainage. (Potter 1181)"
  33. Epithelialization
    healing by the growth of epithelium over a denuded surface
  34. Exudate
    "Fluid, cells, or other substances that have been slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membranes. (Potter 1182)"
  35. Fibrin
    "an insoluble protein that is essential to clotting of blood, formed from fibrinogen by action of thrombin"
  36. Puncture
    the act of piercing or penetrating with a pointed object or instrument; a wound so made.
  37. Purulent
    "Containing, discharging, or causing the production of pus."
  38. Sanguineous
    Of or relating to blood; bloody.
  39. Serous
    "Containing, secreting, or resembling serum"
  40. Slough
    "A layer or mass of dead tissue separated from surrounding living tissue, as in a wound, a sore, or an inflammation"
  41. Sutures
    material used in closing a wound with stitches
  42. Tertiary intention
    "wound closure in which granulation tissue fills the gap between the edges of the wound, with epithelium growing over the granulation at a slower rate and producing a larger scar than the scar resulting from healing from secondary intention"
  43. Vacuum Assisted Closure
    "The edges of the wound are made airtight with foam and a dressing, and a tube is placed in the wound, connecting to a canister that creates a vacuum. Infectious materials and other fluids are then sucked out of the wound."
  44. Wound
    a disruption of normal skin structure and function
  45. Wound contraction
    the shrinkage and spontaneous closure of open skin wounds

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