APUSH midterm Court Cases
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Supreme Court case that established the principle of “judicialreviews”-the idea that the Supreme Court had the final authority to determineconstitutionality.
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Supreme Court case that strengthened federal authority and upheld the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States by establishing that the State of Maryland did not have power to tax the bank.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Suit over whether New York State could grant a monopoly to a ferry operating on interstate waters. The rulings reasserted that Congress had the sole power to regulate interstate commerce.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Massachusetts Supreme Court decision that strengthened thelabor movement by upholding the legality of unions
Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842)
A Supreme Court decision that prohibited states from regulating the railroads because the Constitution grants Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce. As a result, reformers turned their attention to the federal government, which now held sole power to regulate the railroad industry.
Wabash, St.Louis & Pacific Railroad Company v. Illinois(1886)-
An 1896 Supreme Court case that upheld the constitutionality of segregation laws, saying that as long as blacks were provided with “separate but equal” facilities, these laws did not violate the 14th amendement. This decision provuded legal justification for the Jim Crow system until the 1950s.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)-
Supreme Court case that sustained DartmouthUniversity’s original charter against changes proposed by the New Hampshirestate legislature, thereby protecting corporations from domination by stategovernments.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)-
New York libel case against John Peter Zenger. Established the principle that truthful statements about public officials could not be prosecuted as libel.
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