Anatomy & Physiology

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Author:
KellyM
ID:
192683
Filename:
Anatomy & Physiology
Updated:
2013-01-20 23:43:59
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Organs Organ Systems ch1
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diagrams and definitions
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    • A. Larnyx
    • B. Lung
    • C. Heart
    • D. Liver
    • E. Stomach
    • F. Pancreas
    • G. Small Intestine
    • H. Large Intestine
    • I. Kidney
    • J. Adrenal Gland
    • K. Urinary Bladder
  1. Integumentary System
    • Forms external cover of body
    • Keeps all tissues together and protects deeper tissue from injury
    • Cutaneous sensory neurons detect stimuli such as temperature, touch, and pressure
    • Synthesizes vitamin D
    • Sweat glands help regulate temp
    • Oil glands keep skin smooth and pliable
  2. Integumentary System

    • A. Epidermis
    • B. Dermis
    • C. Hypodermis
    • D. Hair
    • E. Sebaceous Gland
    • F. Sweat Gland
  3. How many systems make up the body?
    11 systems:

    Integumentary; Skeletal; Muscular; Nervous; Endocrine; Cardiovascular; Lymphatic; Respiratory; Digestive; Urinary; Male/Female Reproductive
  4. Digestive System

    • 1. Teeth
    • 6. Esophagus
    • 7. Stomach
    • 9. Pancreas
    • 11. Gallbladder
    • 12. Liver
    • 13. Small intestine
    • 15a. Ascending colon of large intestine
    • 15b. Transverse colon of large intestine
    • 15c. Descending colon of large intestine
  5. Digestive System
    • Break down food into absorbable units that enter blood for distribution to body cells
    • Indigestible food and waste eliminated by feces
  6. Endocrine System

    • 1. Pituitary Gland
    • 5. Thyroid Gland
    • 8. Parathyroid Gland
    • 9. Adrenal Gland
    • 13. Pancreas
    • 16. Testes
    • 20. Ovaries
  7. Endocrine System
    glands secrete hormones (signaling molecules) that regulate processes such as: growth, reproduction, and nutrient use (metabolism) by body cells

    *pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, testes, ovaries*
  8. Skeletal System
    • Internal structural frame
    • Protects and support body organs
    • Provides framework for the muscles use for movement
    • Blood cells formed within bones. Bones store minerals

    *bone, cartilage, joints, and ligament*
  9. Muscular System
    • Maintains posture
    • Produce heat
    • Allows locomotion, manipulation of environment, and communication (facial expression and tongue)

    *muscles and tendons*
  10. Nervous System
    • Control center of the body
    • Coordinates response of the body to internal and external stimuli/changes by activating muscles and glands

    *brain, spinal cord, and nerves*
  11. Cardiovascular System
    • Blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, waste, ect...
    • Regulate temperature
    • The heart pumps blood

    *heart, aorta, arteries, and veins*
  12. Lymphatic System
    • Collects fluid leaked from blood vessels into the tissue and returns it to the blood
    • Disposes of debris in lymphatic stream
    • Contains and distributes white blood cells (lymphocytes) involved in immunity. The immune response mounts the attack against foreign substances within the body

    *spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and lymph vessels*
  13. Respiratory System
    • -Keeps blood constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide
    • -Gas exchange occur through the walls of the air sacs of the lungs

    *larynx, trachea, lungs, bronchii*
  14. Respiratory System

    • A. Larynx
    • B. Trachea
    • C/D. Lungs
    • (not shown) Bronchii
  15. Urinary System
    • Regulates water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of blood
    • Eliminates nitrogenous waste

    *kidney, ureter, urinary bladder*
  16. Reproductive System
    • Overall function is to produce offspring
    • (male) testes = sperm and male sex hormones
    • (female) ovaries = produce egg and female sex hormones

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