Required joinder of parties
- 1) Required party - a person who is subject to service of process and whose joinder will not deprive the court of smjxn must be joined as a party if:
- a. in that person's absence, the court cannot accord complete relief among existing parties; or
b. that person claims an interest relating to the subject of the action and is so situated that disposing of the action in the person's absence may:
- i. as a practical matter impair or impede the person's ability to protect the interest; or
- ii. leave an existing party subject to the substantial risk of incurring double, multiple, or otherwise inconsistent obligations because of the interest.
2) Joinder by court order. If a person has not been joined as required, the court must order that the person be made a party. A person who refuses to join as a plaintiff may be made either a defendant or, in a proper case, an involuntary plaintiff.
3) if joined party objects to venue and the joinder would make venue improper, the court must dismiss that party.