GEOG 205

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Author:
thompson32d
ID:
192807
Filename:
GEOG 205
Updated:
2013-01-14 16:47:19
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Geology study cards pre midterm
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winter semester 2013
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  1. Whatis geography?
    • - study of earths landscapes, peoples, places and environments.
    • - to describe or write about the earth”.  The earth is not static, it evolves through time and space...
  2. Defining modern Geography
    • - geographers study the spatial and temporal distribution of phenomena, processesand features as well as the interaction of humans and their environment.
    • - humangeography and physical geography.
  3. How is Geography a continuum?
    In some places meet, some places they are completely different

    Physical <---> human/cultural
  4. Positivism
    •  -reality is best described through scientific methods and through quantitative,numerical approaches
    • - view of nature as separate from human world
    • - Data/factsare presented without attention to context
  5. Constructivism
    • - reality is informed (constructed/enacted) by the ways in which we interpret and representit; view of natural and human worlds as interacting and co-evolving (and technology)
    • - seesobserver and observed as independent - interaction, you see the world through your assumptions.  Any representation is not neutral
  6. Scientific approach
    In a word Geography is a Science—a thing not ofmere names but of argument and reason, of cause and effect.”— William Hughes
  7. Human Geography -- Writing the Earth --
    • - Human/Nature relations
    • - interactions between enviroment and humans impact on each other
  8. Human Geography -- Writing the World --
    • - society/space realatioins: how and where we are located
    • - embodiment
    • - social structures.
  9. 3 Core concepts
    • - Space
    • - Place
    • - Enviroment
  10. Core - - Space - -
    • - Physical dimentions: the location on the surface, cartography,
    • - Social/cultural dimensions: spatiality, emphasizes the meaning of of space, rather than physical demensions
  11. Core - - Place - -
    • - Boundaries or limits that define a recognized territory,
    • - not independent of space
    • - sense of home, identity and belonging
  12. core - - Enviroment - -
    • - Humans are part of the natural enviroment; causes us to rethink the division between natural and human worlds
    • - the processes that act upon earth (physical and human)
  13. Development of Geography phase 1
    • Exploration of the world
    •  - discovery, mapping and inventory-taking
    • - to mid 19th century
  14. Development of Geography Phase 2
    • Establishment of the discipline
    • - bridging nature and society; early theories of enviromentalism
    •  
    • late 19th century
  15. Development of Geography Phase 3
    Dominace of regional geography

    - detailed area description, classifation and explanation fo regions

    early 20th century
  16. Development of Geography Phase 4
    • Emergence of physical and human geography
    • - development of systematic geographies; questioning the scientific basis of geography

    mid 20th century
  17. Development of Geography Phase 5
    • - physical - intergrated - human- Geography
    • - strongly divergent interest and specilization within

    late 20th century onwards

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