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def of ulcerative colitis
edema and inflammation of the rectum that may progress to entire colon
def of Crohn's disease (4 parts)
inflammation and ulceration of GI tract
can involve entire tract (mouth to anus)
all layers of bowel involved
nursing care for ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease (4)
foods high in protien and calories, low in fiber
avoid caffeine and alcohol
advise for small frequent meals
monitor electrolytes (esp. K r/t diahrrea) and dehydration
what is the purpose of best rest for a patient with ulcerative colitis?
reduce the hypermotility in the gut -- promotes reduced intestinal peristalsis
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