Psychology 110

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Psychology 110
2013-01-14 19:49:44

Human Development
Show Answers:

  1. The age-related, physical, intellectual, social, and personal changes that occur throughout an individuals' lifespan
  2. Period that occurs before birth
    Prenatal Development
  3. Conception through implantation
    2 Weeks
    Germinal Stage
  4. Fertilized egg
  5. Over ___ of fertilized eggs do not implant
  6. After successful implantation
    2nd through 8th week after fertilization
    Arms, legs, fingers, and toes
    Heart beat begins
    Sexual differentiation begins
    Embryonic Stage
  7. 9th week through birth
    Bones and muscles develop
    Movement begins
    Lungs mature
    Quadruples in size
    Rapid brain and physical growth
    Fetal Stage
  8. Anything harmful to woman and baby
  9. Period at which weight quadruples
  10. Average age a kid will roll over
    5 Months
  11. Average age a kid will sit without support
    8 Months
  12. Average age a kid will start walking 
    15 Months
  13. Hand-eye coordination and general processing speed increases during what period?
  14. Period between childhood and adulthood
  15. What two dramatic changes occur during adolescence?
    Growth spurt and sexual maturity (puberty)
  16. Average age girls begin puberty
  17. During puberty girls develop:
    • high levels of estrogen
    • Breasts develop
    • Hips broaden
  18. Average age a girl receives her first period 
    12 or 13
  19. Average age boys begin puberty
  20. During puberty boys develop:
    • High levels of androgens
    • Facial hair
    • Lowered voice
    • Ability to ejaculate 
  21. When your height of physical and mental abilities are reached 
    In your 20's
  22. Age of average menopause
  23. 3 ways we learn about babies
    • 1. Show preferences
    • 2. Notice Novelty
    • 3. Babies learn from rewards
  24. Constructing mental models of our world through our own experience
  25. Fitting new experiences into existing schemata 
  26. Changing or modifying existing schemata to accommodate new experiences
  27. Piaget's 4 Stages 
    • 1. Sensorimotor Period
    • 2. Preoperational Period
    • 3. Concrete Period
    • 4. Formal Period 
  28. Age of sensorimotor period
    Birth to 2 years 
  29. What happens during the sensorimotor period?
    • Sensory and motor abilities
    • Survival reflexes
    • Object Permanence
  30. Age of preoperational period
    2-7 years
  31. What happens during the preoperational period?
    • Make believe
    • No principle of conservation
    • Egocentrism
  32. Ability to recognize that the physical properties of an object remain the same in spite of superficial changes to its appearance
    Principle of Conservation
  33. Age of concrete operational period
    7-11 years
  34. What happens during the concrete operational period?
    • True mental operations
    • No abstract thinking
  35. Age of formal operational period
    11 through adulthood
  36. What happens during formal operational period?
    • Abstract thinking
    • Adult-like processes
    • Cognitive development complete
  37. Kohlberg's 3 Stages of Moral Development
    • 1. Pre-Conventional
    • 2. Conventional 
    • 3. Post-Conventional
  38. Pre-Conventional level
    Lowest level of Kohlberg's 3 Stages of Moral Development; Reward and Punishment
  39. Conventional Level
    • Internalized rules 
    • Social Order
  40. Post-Conventional Level
    • Final level
    • General and abstract
    • Universal and ethical principle
  41. 60-70%
    Happy in strange situation
    Cries when mother leaves
    Happy at her return
    Secure attachment
  42. 20-25% 
    Not strong attachment to mom
    Not bothered by strangers
    Do not care when mom returns
    Avoidant Attachment
  43. 10%
    Wary in strange situation
    Cry when mother leaves
    No affection upon return
    Resistant Attachment
  44. Attachment that has better friendships and relationships later on in life
    Secured Attachment