Pharm-B2

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Author:
atmu
ID:
192916
Filename:
Pharm-B2
Updated:
2013-01-15 03:17:58
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Pharm B2
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Pharm-B2
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  1. Diphenhydramine HCL
    (Benadryl)

    • -1st gen
    • -allergies, sedation
    • -some anticholinergic effects
  2. Dimenhydrinate
    (Dramamine)

    • -1st gen
    • -motion sickness prevention, vestibular disturbances
    • -some anticholinergic effects
  3. Hydroxyzine HCL
    (Atarax)

    • -1st gen
    • -sedative and mild anxiolytic properties
  4. Vistaril
    (Pamoate)

    • -1st gen
    • -sedative and mild anxiolytic properties
  5. Meclizine HCL
    (Antivert)

    • -1st gen
    • -to treat vestibular disturbances
  6. Promethazine HCL
    (Phenergan)

    • -1st gen
    • -used for antiemetic, sedating
    • -prevention and treatment of N/V
    • -PO, parenteral, transdermal
    • -alpha blocking activity, dopamine blocking
  7. Cyproheptadine
    (Periactin)

    • -1st gen
    • -may be used to enhance appetite
    • -serotonin blocking actions
  8. Doxepin
    • -1st gen
    • -very potent
    • -tricyclic antidepressant
  9. Cetirizine
    • (Zyrtec)
    • -2nd gen
  10. Fexofenadine
    (Allegra)

    • 2nd gen
    • -least sedating
  11. Loratidine
    (Claritin)

    2nd gen
  12. Desloratidine
    (Clarinex)

    • 2nd gen
    • -longest half life
  13. Phenylephrine HCL
    SHORT ACTING topic decongenstants (up to 4 hrs)

    -notorious for causing rhinitis medicamentosa
  14. Naphazoline HCL
    INTERMEDIATE ACTING topic decongenstants (up to 4-6 hrs)
  15. Tetrahydrolozine HCL
    INTERMEDIATE ACTING topic decongenstants (up to 4-6 hrs)
  16. Oxymetazoline HCL
    LONG ACTING topic decongenstants (up to 12 hrs)
  17. Xylometazoline HCL
    LONG ACTING topic decongenstants (up to 12 hrs)
  18. Pseudoephedrine
    • -most commonly used decongestent
    • -alpha and beta agonistĀ 

    • -mild CNS stimulation
    • -high doses can increase pulse and BP
    • ---caution in pts with HTN, BPH, and pregnancy
    • -can be used for making drugs
  19. Guaifenesin
    -Helps loosen phlegm and bronchial secretions to make coughs more productive

    -used for chronic bronchitis, common cold

    -Robitussin OTC

    AE: well-tolerated, N/V most common, adverse combination w/ other products, pregnancy category C
  20. Montelukast
    -Leukotriene recepter antagonist

    -approved for treatment of allergic rhinitis and for chronic asthma
  21. Veramyst
    -nasal spray containing an aqueous suspension of micronized fluticasone furoate

    -treatment for seasonl and perennial allergic rhinitis
  22. Xyzal (levocetirizine dihydrochloride)
    Oral H1 blocker for season and perennial allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria

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