History Test: Chapter 6
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What it offered:
- Americans liked this treaty
- Right of Deposit (To unload and load without paying a tax)
France saw this as Americans becoming alliances with the British
Americans were angry
What it did:
What made it happen:
- Made it possible to declare that a law violates the Constitution
- Marbury vs. Madison
What happened during the XYZ Affair?
France had attacked American merchant ships.
French agents (referred to as X, Y, and Z) demanded bribes of the American diplomats who went to France to negotiate an end to the ship seizure.
Three laws that allowed the president to order foreigners considered to be a threat to national security to be jailed or deported.
Outlawed any opposition to government policies by actions or by “false, scandalous, or malicious writing.”
What were the causes of the War 1812?
Some American politicians (War Hawks) called for war against the British
Madison urged Congress to declare war on Great Britain in 1812.
Through this battle, the United States discovered that the British were supplying and supporting the Native Americans
Battle of Tippecanoe
What battle made Harrison a nation hero?
Battle of Tipcanoe
What was Hamilton's Financial Plan?
- Tariff and Excise Tax
- To pay debt
- The Federal Gov. should pay war bonds in full
- Establish a national bank
- Make loans to the government
What were the results of of 1812?
- The White House
- Our National Anthem
- A National Hero (Andrew Jackson)
- Status Quo Antebellum (fought Britain to stanstill)
- A strengthened sense of nationalism
Organized the Judicial Branch
6 Person Supreme Court (1 Chief justice and 5 associates)
Judiciary Act of 1789
Who was the 1st Chief justice?
(Jefferson): The government should do only what the Constitution specifically states it can do
(Hamilton): the government can take reasonable actions that are not outlined in the Constitution—as long as those actions are not specifically prohibited. (Elastic Clause-necessary and proper)
The government response was the first response to a central government
What was taxed in the Excise Tax?
This doubles the size of the U.S.
Prohibited exports to foreign countries
Embargo Acts of 1807
Kidnapped sailors forcing them onto British Ships
British are trying to get Native Americans to fight against us in our own territory
Battle at Fallen Timbers
Americans won these battles(2)
Battle of Tippecanoe, and Battle at Fallen Timbers
Became the Vice President when Washington was President
Jefferson and Hamilton, influenced various states by working together
2 Party System
Established local associations
Gave Political offices & other favors to their supporters
(Adams and Hamilton)
1794, Farmers on the western Pennsylvania frontier object to the excess tax of whiskey
First example of the benefits a strong central government has
Who shot Hamilton?
Ruled the Judiciary Act of 1789, unconstitutional
Marbury vs. Madison
Argued Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional and that states have the right to nullify laws if they don't fit their needs
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
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