Card Set Information
American Government chapter 4
Either knowledge of a defamatory statement's falsity or a reckless disregard for the truth
The first act in a criminal proceeding, in which the defendant is brought before a court to hear the charges against him or her and enter a plea of guilty or not guilty
The test proposed by Justice Oliver Wndell Holmes for determining when government may restrict free speeh. Restrictions are permissivle only wehn speech presents a _____ to the public order
clear and present danger test
Advertising statements, which increasingly have been given First Amendment protection
Wrongfully hurting a person's good reputation
Defamation of Character
The part of the First Amendment prohibiting the establishment of a church officially supported by the national government
A judicial policy prohibiting the admission at trail of illegally seized evidence.
The provision of the First Amendment guaranteeing the free exercise of religion.
Free Exercise Clause
An order issued by a judge restricting the publication of news about a trial or a pretrial hearing to protect the accused's right to a fair trial
The view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply to state governments through the 14th Amendment's due process clause
A written defamation of a person's character, reputation, business or property rights. the defamation must be observed by a third party
Sexually offensive material. it can be illegal if found to violate a 4 part test estavlished by the US Supreme Court
Restraining an activity before it has actually occurred. when expression is involved, this means censorship.
A public official, movie star, or other person known to the public because of his or her position or activities.
The public uttering of a false statement that harms the good reputation of another. The statement must be made to, or within the hearing of, someone other than the defamed party.
Expression made through articles of clothing gestures, movements, and other forms of nonverbal communication.
An order that requires jailers to bring a prisoner before a court or judge and explain why the person is being held. "you have the body".
writ of habeas corpus