Psych review ch 2

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saturn1212
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193017
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Psych review ch 2
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2013-01-15 20:03:34
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Psych review chapter
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Pschology review for midterm
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  1. Science that involves structure and function of the brain and nervous system, focusing on relationship between learning and behavior is called                            .
    Neuroscience
  2. The nervous system is defined as                    .
    a complex network of cells that carries info to and from all parts of body
  3. The part of the neuron whose name literally means "branch" is                          .
    dendrite
  4. A specialized cell that sends and receives messages within the nervous system is called                             .
    neuron
  5. Dendrite is to axon as:
    Receive is to send
  6. What is the sequence that an impulse travels down a neuron during neural conduction?
    Dendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knob
  7. Neurons make up            % of the brain whereas glial cells make up              %.
    10;90
  8. What is the function of the myelin?
    to speed up the neural impulse
  9. A toe was severed, then put back on, and feeling was regained. What is responsible for that?
    neurilemma
  10. Which chemical is found in the synaptic vesicles, and has an effect on the next cell?
    neurotransmitter
  11. What is the name of the holes in the surfcace of the dendrites or certain muscle cells and glands shaped to fit certain neurotransmitters?
    Receptor sites
  12. After being bitten by a black widow, Jean began to convulse. This is a result of                .
    a flood of acetylcholine releasing into the body's muscle system
  13. The effect of alcohol is to enhance the effect of                         .
    GABA
  14. Which neurotransmitter is responsible for mood disturbances and appetite problems?
    serotonin
  15. Morphine and heroin are able to lock into receptor sites for                       .
    endorphins
  16. Reuptake is                     .
    a process by which neurotransmitters are sucked back into the synaptic vesicles
  17. The response of withdrawing a burnt hand occurs because                        .
    the pain message goes up the spinal column to the central area of the spinal cord instead of going all the way to the brain
  18. Due to a brain injury, Jack could not pronounce certain words until extensive speech therapy was performed. This is an example of the brain's                 .
    neuroplasticity
  19. The division of the nervous system that allows the brain and spinal cord to communicate with the sensory system and control the muscles and glands is called                 .
    Peripheral nervous system
  20. Voluntary muscles are controlled by the            nervous system.
    somatic
  21. The subdivision of the PNS that controls all involuntary muscles, organs, and glands is called the               nervous system.
    autonomic
  22. Part of autonomic nervous system that reacts to stressful events and bodily arousal is called the                     nervous system.
    sympathetic
  23. Branch of autonomic nervous system that restores body to normal and responsible for day-to-day organ and gland functioning is called the                                .
    parasympathetic nervous system
  24. Hormones are                    .
    chemicals released into the bloodstream by the endocrine glands.
  25. Which endocrine gland produces insulin?
    Pancreas
  26. Adrenal glands produce                 when anxious.
    more cortisol
  27. What procedure involves being placed in a magnetic field so computer can create 3D images of the brain?
    magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  28. What procedure obtains a "movie" of changes in brain activity from different time periods?
    Positron emission tomography (PET)
  29. Which part is not a hindbrain?
    Thalmus
  30. What has the ability to selectively pay attention to information in one's surroundings and become alert to changes?
    Recticular formation
  31. What coordinates involuntary rapid fine-motor movement?
    cerebellum
  32. A "punch-drunk" person is                   .
    an aging prizefighter with damage to the cerebellum.
  33. A group of brain structures, under cortex, involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivation is called                      .
    limbic system

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