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Within which substep of COA Analysis is War Gaming?
What is substep 5 of COA Analysis?
Select a war-gaming method.
What is the most important output of COA Development?
COA statements and sketches.
War-gaming is focused on what?
What is war-gaming?
A disciplined process, with rules and steps that attempt to visualize the flow of the operation, given the force's strengths and dispositions, enemy's capabilities and possible COAs, impact and requirements of civilians in the AO, and other aspects of the situation.
What does COA Analysis do?
COA analysis enables commanders and staffs to identify difficulties or coordination problems as well as probable consequences of planned actions for each COA being considered.
What is COA comparison?
COA comparison is an objective process to evaluate COAs independently and against set evaluation criteria approved by the commander and staff.
What are the 3 steps of COA Comparison?
- Conduct Advantages and Disadvantages Analysis
- Compare Courses of Action
- Conduct a Course of Action Decision Briefing
What are the two techniques are commonly used to record and display COA comparison results?
- The synchronization matrix technique
- The sketch note technique
What is a decision point?
A decision point is a point in space and time when the commander or staff anticipates making a key decision concerning a specific course of action (JP 5-0).
What are Critical events?
Events that trigger significant actions or decisions (such as commitment of an enemy reserve), complicated actions requiring detailed study (such as a passage of lines), and essential tasks.
What are the three wargaming techniques, and how are the applied to stability operations?
- Belt: Objectives are in a selected slice across all lines of effort.
- Box: A specific objective along a line of effort.
- Avenue-in-depth: Objectives are in one line of effort.
What is a shaping operation?
A shaping operation is an operation at any echelon that creates and preserves conditions for the success of the decisive operation.
What is a decisive operation?
An operation that directly accomplish the mission.
What is a sustaining operation?
An operation at any echelon that enables shaping and decisive operations by generating and maintaining combat power.
How are friendly and enemy forces war-gamed?
Using the action, reaction, and counteraction method.
What is a tactical mission task?
A specific activity performed by a unit while executing a form of tactical operation or form of maneuver. It may be expressed as either an action by a friendly force or effects on an enemy force (FM 7-15).
What go into running estimates?
- Friendly force status.
- Enemy activities and capabilities.
- Civil considerations.
- Conclusions and recommendations.
What is parallel planning?
Parallel planning is two or more echelons planning for the same operation nearly simultaneously.
What is collaborative planning?
Collaborative planning is the real-time interaction among commanders and staffs at two or more echelons developing plans for a particular operation.
What are the two types of CCIRs and for what are they needed?
- Initial: Needed for planning
- Post-COA: Needed for decision
What is a fact?
A fact is a statement of truth or a statement thought to be true at the time.
What is an assumption?
An assumption is a supposition on the current situation or a presupposition on the future course of events, either or both assumed to be true in the absence of positive proof, necessary to enable the commander in the process of planning to complete an estimate of the situation and make a decision on the course of action (JP 1-02).
What are the substeps of Receipt of Mission?
- Alert the staff and other key participants
- Gather the tools
- Update running estimates
- Conduct initial assessment
- Issue the commander's initial guidance
- Issue the initial warning order
How many substeps are in Mission Analysis?
What is an information theme?
A unifying or dominant idea or image that expresses the purpose for military action.
What is an information message?
A verbal, written, or electronic communications that supports an information theme focused on a specific actor or the public and in support of a specific action (task).
What are the Military Aspects of Terrain (OAKOC)?
- Observation & Fields of Fire
- Avenues of Approach
- Key Terrain
- Cover & Concealment
What are the Military Aspects of Weather (WATCH-VP)?
- Atmospheric Pressure
- Cloud Cover
What are the steps of IPB (D2ED)?
- Define the operational environment.
- Describe the environmental effects on operations.
- Evaluate the threat.
- Determine threat courses of action.
What are the Civil Considerations (ASCOPE)?
What are the seven steps of MDMP?
- Receipt of Mission
- Mission Analysis
- Course of action (COA) Development
- COA Analysis (aka Wargaming)
- COA Comparison
- COA Approval
- Orders Production
What is a Commander's Critical Information Requirement (CCIR)?
An information requirement identified by the commander as being critical to facilitating timely decision making. It includes two key elements; Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR) and Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR).
What is a Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR)?
An intelligence requirement, stated by the commander as a priority for intelligence support, which the commander needs to support decision making and to understand the area of interest or the threat.
What is a Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR)?
Information the commander and staff need about the forces available for the operation. This includes personnel, maintenance, supply, ammunition, and petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) status, and experience and leadership capabilities.
What are Essential Elements of Friendly Information (EEFIs)?
They identify those elements of friendly force information that, if compromised, would jeopardize mission success. They have the same importance as CCIRs and must be approved by the commander.
What is the definition of IPB?
A systematic process for analysing and visualiyzing portions of the Mission Variables, including threat, terrain, weather, and civil considerations, in a specific area of interest and for a specific mission. It is a continuous process that updates running estimates and supports MDMP.
How many WARNOs are issued during MDMP, and after which steps?
- Step 1 - Receive the mission
- Step 2 - Mission analysis
- Step 6 - COA approval
What is the definition of MDMP?
The military decisionmaking process is an iterative planning methodology that integrates the activities of the commander, staff, subordinate headquarters, and other partners to understand the situation and mission; develop and compare courses of action; decide on a course of action that best accomplishes the mission; and produce an operation plan or order for execution (FM 5-0).
What is the most important step in MDMP? Why?
- Step 2 Mission Analsysis
- It is the foundation for all subsequent steps.
MDMP focuses on which set of variables?
Mission variables (METT-TC)
What is the definition of Running Estimate?
A running estimate is the continuous assessment of the current situation used to determine if the current operation is proceeding according to the commander's intent and if planned future operations are supportable (FM 5-0).
What are the Army command relationships?
What are the Army support relationships?
- Direct Support
- General Support-Reinforcing
- General Support
What is the definition of task organization?
A task organization is a temporary grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission (FM 3-0).
What are the three types of tasks, what are their definitions?
- A specified task: a task specifically assigned to a unit by its higher headquarters.
- An implied task: a task that must be performed to accomplish a specified task or mission but is not stated in the higher headquarters' order.
- An essential task: a specified or implied task that must be executed to accomplish the mission.
What are constraints?
A constraint is a restriction placed on the command by a higher command. A constraint dictates an action or inaction,thus restricting the freedom of action of a subordinate commander.
What are Evaluation Criteria?
Evaluation criteria are standards the commander and staff will later use to measure the relative effectiveness and efficiency of one COA relative to other COAs.
What are Screening Criteria? What are the five criteria for COAs?
- Screening criteria defines the limits of an acceptable solution.