NV Education Midterm Review

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NV Education Midterm Review
2013-01-15 19:42:44
education teaching

Review for NV Education Midterm
Show Answers:

  1. Intrinsic Rewards
    satisfying for emotional or intellectual reasons
  2. Extrinsic Rewards
    satisfying for outside reasons, such as job security or vacation time
  3. Characteristics of Classrooms
    • multidimensional
    • immediate
    • unpredictable
    • simultaneous
    • public
  4. Characteristics of Professionalism
    • a specialized body of knowledge
    • autonomy
    • emphasis on decision making and reflection
    • ethical standards for conduct
  5. autonomy
    the capacity to control one's own professional life, having the authority to make decisions based on their knowledge
  6. curriculum
    what teachers teach
  7. assessments
    how students' understanding is measured
  8. standards
    statements specifying what should know and be able to do upon completing an area of study
  9. reflection
    the act of thinking about and analyzing your actions
  10. Ethics
    sets of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior
  11. reforms
    suggested changes in teaching and teacher preparation intended to increase student learning
  12. No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)
    federal law that included improved teacher quality. required that all students be reading at grade level by the third grade
  13. Licensure
    the process by which a state evaluates the credentials of prospective teachers. by awarding a license, the state certifies that a teacher is competent in subject-area content, possesses professional skills, and is morally fit to work with young people
  14. Alternative Licensure
    a shorter route to teaching for those who already possess a bachelor's degree in another content area.
  15. professional portfolio
    a collection of materials representative of ones work provides an effective way to document your competence and qualifications
  16. digital portfolio
    allows you to compress large amounts of information that can easily be burned onto a CD and given to prospective employers.
  17. resume
    a document that provides a clear and concise overview of an individual's job qualifications and work experience
  18. credentials file
    a collection of important personal documents teachers submit to prospective employers. include resumes, courses taken, performance evaluations by professors, etc
  19. mentors
    experienced teachers who provide guidance and support to beginning teachers
  20. Latchkey children
    children who return to empty houses after school and who are left alone until parents arrive from work. causes excessive television watching, little homework help, and lack of proper supervision.
  21. Socioeconomic status
    the combination of family income, parent's occupations, and level of parental education. one way to determine differences in family background
  22. poverty threshold
    household income levels that represent the lowest earnings required to meet basic living needs. 20,000 a year for a family of 4.
  23. sexual harassment
    unwanted and/or unwelcome sexually-oriented behavior that interferes with a student's life
  24. Bullying
    involves a systematic or repetitious abuse of power between students
  25. zero-tolerance policies
    call for students to receive automatic suspensions or expulsions as punishment for certain offenses.
  26. At-Risk Students
    in danger of failing to complete their education with the skills necessary to function effectively in modern society. High dropout rates, low motivation, little parental involvement
  27. Full Service School
    serve as family resource centers that provide a range of social and health services
  28. Resilient Students
    at-risk students who have been able to rise above adverse conditions to succeed in school and in other aspects of life
  29. culture
    the knowledge, attitudes, values, customs, and behavior patterns that characterize a social group
  30. cultural diversity
    the different cultures you encounter and how these cultural differences effect learning
  31. ethnicity
    a person's ancestry
  32. assimilation
    a process of socializing people so that they adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior
  33. multicultural education
    a variety of strategies schools use to accommodate cultural differences in teaching and learning
  34. culturally responsive teaching
    instruction that acknowledges and capitalizes on cultural diversity
  35. English language learners
    students whose first language is not English and who need help in learning to speak, read, and write in english
  36. Bilingual maintenance language programs
    place the greatest emphasis on using and sustaining the first language while teaching english
  37. transition programs
    maintain a child's first language until they know enough English to succeed in an all-English classroom
  38. immersion programs and English as a second language programs
    emphasize rapid transition to English by putting children directly into English-speaking classrooms
  39. gender-role identity
    societal differences in expectations and beliefs about appropriate roles and behaviors of the two sexes
  40. stereotype
    rigid, simplistic caricature of a particular group of people
  41. development
    the physical, intellectual, moral, emotional, and social changes that occur in students as a result of maturation and experience
  42. cognitive development
    changes in students thinking as they mature and acquire experiences
  43. moral development
    students changing conceptions of right and wrong
  44. external morality
    children view rules as fixed, permanent, and enforced by authority figures
  45. autonomous morality
    develop rational ideas of fairness and see justice as a reciprocal process of treating others as they would want to be treated
  46. personal development
    changes in our personalities and our ability to manage our feelings
  47. Social development
    changes over time in the ways we relate to others
  48. Authoritative
    parental characteristics: firm but caring, consistent, explain reasons for rules, high expectations

    child characteristics: high self-esteem, confident and secure, willing to take risks, successful in school
  49. Authoritarian
    parent characteristics: stress conformity, detached, don't explain rules

    child characteristics: withdrawn, worry more about pleasing parents than solving problems, defiant, lack social skills
  50. Permissive
    parent characteristics: give children total freedom, hold few expectations, make few demands of children

    child characteristics: immature, lack self-control, impulsive, lack motivation
  51. uninvolved
    parent characteristics: have little interest in child's lives, hold few expectations

    child characteristics: lack self-control, lack long-term goals, easily frustrated, disobedient
  52. intelligence
    the ability to acquire and use knowledge
  53. multiple intelligences
    • linguistic
    • logical/mathematical
    • musical
    • visual/spatial
    • bodily/kinesthetic
    • interpersonal
    • intrapersonal
    • naturalist
  54. between-class ability grouping
    divides all students in a given grade level into groups such as high, medium, and low
  55. within-class ability grouping
    divides students in one classroom into ability groups
  56. learning style
    preferred way of learning and studying
  57. metacognition
    student's awareness of the ways they learn most effectively and their ability to control these factors
  58. students with exceptionalities
    learners who need special help to reach their full potential
  59. disabilities
    functional limitations or an inability to perform a certain act
  60. giftedness
    abilities at the upper end of the continuum that require support beyond regular classroom instruction to reach full potential
  61. special education
    instruction designed to meet the unique needs of students with exceptionalities
  62. mainstreaming
    placing students with exceptionalities from segregated settings to regular education classrooms for select activities only
  63. inclusion
    • comprehensive approach to educating students with exceptionalities, includes:
    • include students with special needs in a regular school campus
    • place students with special needs in age and grade appropriate classrooms
    • provide special education support within the regular classroom
  64. individualized education plan/program
    individually prescribed instructional plan collaboratively devised by special education and general education teachers, resource professionals, parents, and sometimes the students. plan that decides how students with exceptionalities will be instructed 
  65. response to intervention
    a way of identifying a learning disability that focuses on the specific classroom instructional adaptations and their success
  66. collaboration
    communication and decision making among educational professionals
  67. teaching contract
    legal employment agreement between a teacher and the school board
  68. collective bargaining
    a union negotiates with a school district over the rights of teachers and conditions of employlment
  69. grievance
    a formal complaint against an employer alleging unsatisfactory working conditions
  70. tenure
    a legal safeguard that provides job security by preventing teacher dismissal without due cause
  71. academic freedom
    teachers can choose both content they teach and the teaching methods they use
  72. fair-use guidelines
    policies that specify limitations in the use of copyrighted material
  73. in loco parentis
    teachers are required to use the same judgment as parents would use in protecting the children under their care
  74. negligence
    teacher's failure to exercise sufficient care in protecting students from injury
  75. notoriety
    the extent to which a teacher's behavior becomes known and is controversial
  76. establishment clause
    prohibits the establishment of a national religion
  77. free exercise clause
    prohibits the government from interfering with individual's rights to hold religious beliefs and freely practice religion
  78. Buckley amendment
    parents have a right to see their children's school records
  79. corporal punishment
    use of physical disciplinary actions to correct student misbehavior. illegal in NY
  80. due process
    students are allowed to argue their punishment as long as they were unfair
  81. FISH philosophy
    • be there
    • make their day
    • play
    • choose your attitude