Psychology Exam 1

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Psychology Exam 1
2013-01-17 10:57:48

psychology 101
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  1. How is psychology defined?
    The science of behavior and mental process
  2. Wilhem Wundt
    1879 Germany Leipzig University Professor.   Measure difference of time between hearing and aware of percieving. 
  3. Edward Bradfor Titchener
    Structuralism, one of Wundts two students
  4. Structuralism
    Discovering the minds structure through self-reflective introspection.  Reporting on sensations, images, feelings.
  5. William James
    Philosopher. Second of Wundts students.  Functionalism.  Wrote "Principles of Psychology," which introduced psychology to general public.
  6. Functionalism
    Influenced by Darwin.  Thinking is adaptive, helps survival, evolution.  Consciousness serves a function.
  7. Psychoanalytic
  8. Modern Psychology:
    John B Watson, B.F.Skinner.  Psychology is the scientific study of observable behavior
  9. Modern Psychology:
         Freudian psychology
    Emphasized unconscious thought processes and emotional responses to childhood experiences that affect our behavior
  10. Modern Psychology:
    1960's second school of thought.  Goes back to Tichener's study of introspection.  How do we percieve, process and remember information.
  11. Modern Psychology:
         Humanistic psychology
    1960's rebellion first school of thought.  Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.  The way that current environmental influences nurture or limit growth potential.  Love and acceptance.
  12. Modern Psychology:
    How does are behavior/thoughts make us better able to adapt/survive
  13. What do Clinical psychologists do?
    Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavoir disorders
  14. What do Counseling psychologists do?
    Help people cope with crisis and challenges to improve personal and social functioning.
  15. What do psychiatrists do?
    Medical doctors licensed to prescribe drugs and treat physical causes of mental disorders