Psych ch 4
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Psych ch 4
Psych chapter review
Psychology midterm review on ch 4
What term is used to designate ouf personal awareness of feelings, sensations, and thoughts?
Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of
Altered states of consciousness
What aspect of circadian rhythms might explain why we tend to feel so tired at night?
There is an organ in the brain sensitive to light changes, which then affects our sleepiness.
Where is the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) located?
Melatonin is a
According to this theory, sleep is neccessary for growth and repair of the body.
REM sleep refers to
sleep periods where person has rapid eye movement
What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?
alpha eventually replaced by theta
Periods of REM sleep alternate with non-REM sleep in a cycle that recurs about every
minutes or so.
Stage 4 sleep is marked by
John will likely experience REM rebound tonight if he:
did not sleep much last night.
primarily during NREM Stage 4 sleep
What is serious sleep apnea?
The patient has a potentially life-threatening condition in which air does not flow into or out of his nose or mouth for periods of time while he is asleep.
Your friend has excessive daytime sleepiness, he is laughing one minute and suddenly falls to the ground. What might this be?
Freud believed that dreams
stem from unconscious conflicts, memories, and desires
Manifest content is to latent content as
obvious is to symbolic
How does the activation-synthesis hypothesis explain dreaming?
The cortex making sense of signals from the brain stem
The activation-information-mode model suggests
events that occur during waking hours may influence dreams
How does Ernest Hilgard explain hypnosis?
Hypnotized people dissociate the conscious mind into an "immediate" part and a "hidden observer" part
What is the best description of the social-cognitive perspective of hypnosis?
People play the role of a hypnotized person; it is NOT an altered state of consciousness.
Psychoactive drugs are
drugs capable of influencing thinking, perception, and memory.
The two most important symptoms of substance dependence are:
tolerance and withdrawal
When an addicts supply diminishes, they feel nervous and anxious and began looking for more. This is an example of
Drugs derived from opium are called
A circadian cycle is about