Psych ch 5

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Psych ch 5
2013-01-16 01:39:00
sych review

Psychology midterm review ch 5
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  1. Learning is said to be a relatively permanent change is behavior because                          .
    It is thought that when learning occurs some part of the brain physically changes.
  2. Salivation when food is in mouth, would be referred to as                   .
    an unconditioned response
  3. Mary's parents want her to put her books in her bookcase. At first they praise for a small victory, then for a bigger one and so on. Finally mary puts all her books in the bookcase. This is an example of                     .
  4. Sue's dog reacts every time she opens the pantry door where his food is stored. The sound of the door had become a                    .
    conditioned stimulus
  5. Punishment is MOST effective                   .
    when it occurs immediately after the undesired behavior
  6. Miranda's cat salivates at the sound of the can opener. The sound of the can opener is the                           .
    conditioned stimulus
  7. What has occurred when there is a decrease in the likelihood or rate of a target response?
  8. After Little Albert acquired a conditioned fear of rats, Watson wanted to see how he would react toother white fuzzy things. He was studying whether or not                    had occurred.
    Stimulus generalization
  9. You train your dog to salivate at the sound of a bell. After not feeding the dog after ringing the bell several times he begins to react less until not at all. Then one morning you ring the bell and he salivates again. What is the term for this?
    spontaneous recovery
  10. What could John Watsonhave done to eliminate Little Albert's conditioned fear?
    Show Albert a rat many times without the loud noise following
  11. In the "Little Albert" study, the fear-producing stimulus used as a UCS was the                  .
    loud noise
  12. An important discovery stemming from Watson and Rayner's experiment was that:
    phobias may be explained by using principles of classical conditioning
  13. Conditioned taste adversions are an example of something called                       .
    biological preparedness
  14. Your bird eats spaghetti. Later it gets ill. What would research on biological preparedness predict?
    The bird will not eat linguini noodles because they resemble spaghetti.
  15. The current view on why conditioning works the way it does, adds the concept of                      to conditiong theory.
  16. The kind of learning that applies to voluntary behavior is called                      .
    Operant conditioning
  17.               classical conditioning, operant conditioning requires the organism to voluntarily produce the                  .
    Unlike; response.
  18. Molly is disruptive and loud in class, aside from positively reinforcing it by yelling at her, one modification that might work is                      .
    use of time-outs to remove the positive reinforcement that even a scolding gives the child.
  19. Learning that occurs but is not immediately reflected in behavior change is called                .
    latent learning
  20. You try to train a bird to climb a tree. AT first it climbs it with its legs and beak, then it hops and finally it flies, disregarding the award. This demonstrates                    .
    That it was reverting to behavior that was instinctual to it
  21. College students faced with unsolvable problems eventually give up and make half-hearted attempts to solve new problems even if the new problems are easy. This behavior is probably due to                        .
    learned helplessness
  22. According to Seligman, one factor that may contribute to victim's staying in abusive relationships is                      .
    learned helplessness
  23. Michael grows up in a home where his father is unloving toward his mother. What might we predict about Michael's own relationships when he is older?
    Michael may treat women with discourtesy and disrespect, as he repeats the behavior he saw in his father.
  24. Seligman expanded his theory of learned helplessness to explain                     .
  25. Which type of learning occurs when we observe how other people act?
    observational learning