Federation of Northeast Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire.
Literally "those who server," the hereditary military elite of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Japanese general and public servant.
Literally, great name(s). Japanese warlords and great landowners, whose armed samurai gave them control of the Japanese islands from the eighth to the later nineteenth century. Under the Tokugawa Shogunate they were subordinated to the imperial government.
Empire based in China that Zhu Yanzhang established after the overthrow of the Yuan Empire. The Ming emperor Yongle sponsored the building of the Forbidden City and the voyages of Zheng He. The later years of the Ming saw a slowdown in technological development and economic decline.
Empire established in China by Manchus who overthrew the Ming Empire in 1644. At various times the Qing also controlled Manchuria, Mongolia, Turkestan, and Tibet. The last Qing emperor was overthrown in 1911.
The extreme northeastern sector of Asia, including the Kamchatka Peninsula and the present Russian coast of the Arctic Ocean, the Bering Strait, and the Sea of Okhotsk.
Qing emperor. He oversaw the greatest expansion of the Qing Empire.
Russian principality that emerged gradually during the era of Mongol domination. The Muscovite dynasty ruled without interruption from 1276 to 1598.
From Latin "caesar", this Russian title for a monarch was first used in reference to a Russian ruler by Ivan III.
This north-south range separates Siberia from the rest of Russia. It is commonly considered the boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia.
This river valley was a contested frontier between northern China and eastern Russia until the settlement arranged in Treaty of Nerchinsk.
In medieval Europe, an agricultural laborer legally bound to a lord's property and obligated to perform set services for the lord. In Russia some worked as artisans and in factories
Russian tsar. He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
Peter The Great
An empress of Russia in the late eighteenth century who encouraged the cultural influences of western Europe in Russia and extended Russian territory toward the Black Sea. She is also known for her amorous intrigues, including affairs with members of her government.
Catherine The Great
peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.
the unsuccessful attempt by the british empire to establish diplomatic relations with the qing empire in 1793.
the spiritual leader of vajrayana (tibetan) buddhism, believed to be an incarnation of the bodhisattva avalokiteshvara.
ritual suicide or disembowelment in japan; commonly known in west as hara-kiri; demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor.
members of the society of jesus, a roman catholic order founded by ignatius loyola in 1534. they played an important part in the catholic reformation and helped create conduits of trade and knowledge between asia and europe.