History Exam

The flashcards below were created by user kim12897 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. the study of human life and culture
    anthorpology
  2. the period before writing was developed.
    prehistory
  3. items left behind by early peoples
    artifacts
  4. the study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind
    archaeology
  5. "wise human being"
    Homo sapiens
  6. "new stone"
    neolithic
  7. keeping animals and growing food on a regular basis
    systematic agriculture
  8. who discovered the bones of a hominid 1.8 million years old at olduvai gorge?

    A. Louis and Mary Leakey
    B.Henry Jones, Jr.
    C. Donald Johanson
    D. Cecil B. DeMille
    A. Louis and Mary Leakey
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. scientists believe that homo sapiens sapiens appeared ______ between 150,000 and 200,00 years ago.
    A. Africa
    B. Europe
    C. Asia
    D. North America
    A. Africa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. the paleolithic age is
    A. not proven to have existed.
    B. also called the new stone age.
    C. the period in which humans used simple stone tools.
    D. usually known as the primitive age.
    C. the period in which humans used simple stone tools.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. who were the first humans to learn to deliberately make fires?
    A. Canadians
    B. cave people
    C. Homo erectus
    D. the neolithic peoples
    C. Homo erectus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. the real change in the neolithic revolution was the
    A. shift from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture.
    B. discovery of new caves
    C. developemet of bowls and spoons.
    D. movement away from eating just fruits and grains to eating met.
    A. shift from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. the ability to acquire food on a regular basis meant that humans
    A. could use fire to cook their food.
    B. could give up their nomadic ways of life and begin to live in the settled communities.
    C. could use animals as pets.
    D. had less control over their environment
    B. could give up their nomadic ways of life and begin to live in the settled communities.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. the use of metals marked the end of the neolithic age and a
    A. new level of human control over the environment and its resources.
    B. complete abandonment of other tools.
    C. beginning to the metal age.
    D. movement away from agriculture.
    A. new level of human control over the environment and its resources.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. a government by divine authority
    theocracy
  16. a large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, that controls many peoples or territories
    empire
  17. "wedge-shaped" writing
    cuneiform
  18. the religion of the israelites
    judaism
  19. used terror as an instrument of warfare
    assyrians
  20. farming in ancient mesopotamia resulted in an abundance of food, which
    A. often rotted, causing illness.
    B. caused overpopulation.
    C. enabled civilization to emerge.
    D. produced inflation.
    C. enabled civilization to emerge.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. hammurabi is remembered for
    A. overthrowing the akkadian empire.
    B. creating a post office.
    C. his law code, a collection of laws for mesopotamian society.
    D. inventing the first wooden bicycle.
    C. his law code, a collection of laws for mesopotamian society.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. the history of egypt begins around 3100 b.c. when
    A. the nile river flooded.
    B. a volcano at giza erupted.
    C. the first pyramid collapsed.
    D. Menes united upper and lower egypt.
    D. Menes united upper and lower egypt.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. what are the ten lost tribes?
    A. scattered israelite tribes
    B. egyptian traders.
    C. ten cities.
    D. the sea peoples.
    A. scattered israelite tribes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. unlike other religions of the time, in the jewish tradition, political leaders
    A. could not claim they alone knew the will of god, since the jewish teachings were written down for anyone to read.
    B. were believed to be directly descended from god, and therefore almost gods themselves.
    C. often gave up their beliefs and adopted the religion of their conquerors.
    D. were required to burn the sacred texts after they read them.
    A. could not claim they alone knew the will of god, since the jewish teachings were written down for anyone to read.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. which leader of the persian empire extended it to become the largest empire the world had yet seen?
    A. Moses
    B. Marc Antony
    C. Darius
    D. Nebuchadnezzar
    C. darius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. which of the following elements contributed to the efficient system of communication that was crucial to sustaining the persian empire?
    A. trained dogs that carried messages to the king from as far as 500 miles away.
    B. an alphabet that was made up of 33 letters that represented the sounds of speech.
    C. well maintained roads and way stations that provided, shelter and fresh horses for officials.
    D. a complicated series of smoke signals.
    C. well maintained roads and way stations that provided, shelter and fresh horses for officials.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. hindu divine law
    dharma
  28. trade route between roman empire and china
    silk road
  29. "way"
    dao
  30. checked on government officials to make sure they were doing their jobs
    censorate
  31. papermaking invented during their rule
    han dynasty
  32. had a vast army made of terra cotta buried with him
    qin shihuangdi
  33. who were the aryans?
    A. founders of buddhism
    B. the distant relatives of the harappans
    C. the first religious leaders of india.
    D. indo european nomadic peoples who created a new indian society.
    D. indo european nomadic peoples who created a new indian society.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. the buddha believed that suffering is caused by
    A. demons.
    B. not living according to the will and laws of god.
    C. spending money foolishly.
    D. attachment to the things in this world.
    D. attachment to the things in this world.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. which of the following is generally considered to be the greatest ruler in the history of india?
    A. chandragupta maurya
    B. asoka
    C. mahatma gandhi
    D. sudras
    B. asoka
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. historians of china have traditionally dated the beginning of chinese civilization to the 
    A. building of the first long canal.
    B. founding of the xia dynasty about which little is known.
    C. founding of the shang dyhasty which was quickly replaces by the zhou dynasty.
    D. birth of confucius.
    C. founding of the shang dyhasty which was quickly replaces by the zhou dynasty.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. one element of the confucian view of the dao is
    A. the idea of humanity consisting of a sense of compassion and empathy for others.
    B. that a strong police force is needed to maintain order and stability.
    C. that selfishness is a virtue.
    D. the idea that humans are evil by nature and can only be brought to the right path by harsh laws and stiff punishments.
    A. the idea of humanity consisting of a sense of compassion and empathy for others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. in 1974 farmers digging a well about 35 miles east of xian discovered
    A. the lost city of beijing.
    B. an army of terra cotta warriors.
    C. the ruins of a xiongnu temple.
    D. a water mill,
    B. an army of terra cotta warriors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. greek hero from the illiad
    achilles
  40. rule by the few
    oligarchy
  41. playwright who wrote oedipus rex
    sophocles
  42. ruled by phillip 2
    macedonia
  43. "to imitate greeks"
    hellenistic
  44. shouted "eureka!" after discovering specific gravity
    archimedes
  45. homers illiad and the odyssey were
    A. immense paintings.
    B. statues of the gods.
    C. epic poems.
    D. two immense ships.
    C. epic poems.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. at thermopylae pass, the spartan troops
    A. were defeated easily, earning a legacy of shame.
    B. were all poisoned by the enemy.
    C. refused to fight, because many had relatives in the opposing army.
    D. were especiaslly brave, even thought the greek army was vastly outnumbered.
    D. were especiaslly brave, even thought the greek army was vastly outnumbered.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. who said that "the unexamined life is not worth living"?
    A. aristotle
    B. socrates
    C. zenos
    D. euripides
    B. socrates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. according to greek religion the gods lived
    A. on the moon.
    B. within the hearts of the people who worshipped them.
    C. on olympus.
    D. in natural objects such as rocks, trees, and streams.
    C. on olympus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. which of the following is considered by many historians today to be the greatest historian of the ancient world?
    A. euripides
    B. plato
    C. thucydides
    D. arstotle
    C. thucydides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. the mathematician euclid wrote the elements which was a 
    A. revolutionary exploration of art, including the value of painting.
    B. discussion of specific gravity, which he discovered while in his bath.
    C. textbook on plane geometry that has been used up to modern times.
    D. treartise on the geometry of spheres and cylinders.
    C. textbook on plane geometry that has been used up to modern times.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. according to the philosophy of stoicism,
    A. life could only be complete when it was centered on the basic ideal of friendship.
    B. gaining material wealth brings happiness.
    C. happiness was the goal of life, and the way to achieve it was the pursuit of pleasure, the only true good.
    D. happiness could only be found when people gained inner peace by living in harmony with the will of god.
    D. happiness could only be found when people gained inner peace by living in harmony with the will of god.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens can vote
    republic
  53. great landowners who became romes ruling class
    patricians
  54. assassinated by a group of leading senators
    julius caeser
  55. first roman emperor
    augustus
  56. gladiator who led a massive slave revolt
    spartacus
  57. advocated the violent overthrow of roman rule
    zealots
  58. first invading tribe to sack rome
    visigoths
  59. at its height the roman empire had a population of about
    A. 12 million
    B. 100 million
    C. 3.5 million
    D. 50 million
    D. 50 million
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. the emperor kept the poverty stricken masses pacified by
    A. giving them free grain and providing entertainment on a grand scale.
    B. building the worlds largest ferris wheel.
    C. making hollow promises that were never fulfilled.
    D. establishing the first lottery in history.
    A. giving them free grain and providing entertainment on a grand scale.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. the paterfamilias or dominant male the the head of the roman family and
    A. could be punished for any crimes comitted by his parents.
    B. was the only member of the family that could care for the family pets.
    C. could be kicked out of the household if he failed in his duty to provide to the family.
    D. gradually lost power over the course of roman history.
    D. gradually lost power over the course of roman history.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. constantine became the roman empires
    A, last non christian sailor
    B. first christian emperor
    C. greatest persecutor of christians
    D. sole defender of islam
    B. first christian emperor
  63. under which emperor did rome adopt christianity as its official religion,
    A. zeno 2
    B. nero
    C. julius caesar
    D. theodosius the great.
    D. theodosius the great.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. arabs who lived in the desert rather than in towns
    bedouin
  65. journey of muhammad and his followers to madinah
    hijrah
  66. "struggle in the way of god"
    jihad
  67. secular and spiritual leader of an islamic community
    caliph
  68. "holder of power"
    sultan
  69. most famous section of the great mosque of samarra
    minaret
  70. muhammad began to meditate in the hills because
    A. the town of makkah was too crowded with sinners.
    B. he was trying to resolve and argument with his wife, khadijah
    C. the hills were a holy site that were supposed to give visions to those worthy of them.
    D. he became troubled by the gap between the honesty of most makkans and the greediness of trading elites in the city
    D. he became troubled by the gap between the honesty of most makkans and the greediness of trading elites in the city
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. after muhammads death muslim scholars drew up the shariah which is
    A. also known as the six pillars of islam.
    B. a law code that provides believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives
    C. a collection of muhammads wisdom and teachings that was added to the quran.
    D. an elaborate burial ritual still performed at muslim funerals today
    B. a law code that provides believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. with a population of 200,000, which of the following was europes largest city after constantinople?
    A. madinah
    B. baghdad
    C. cordoba
    D. rome
    C. cordoba
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. omar khayyam is most famour for
    A. writing a medical encyclopedia that became a textbook for medieval european university students.
    B. his literary works, especially the rubaiyat
    C. developing chess which is still played around the world today
    D. perfecting the sailboat which made it possible for europeans to sail to the americas
    B. his literary works, especially the rubaiyat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. during the abbasid dynasty the council that advised the caliph was led by a prime minister known as a(n)
    A. makkah
    B. quran
    C. sultan
    D. vizier
    D. vizier
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. one of the five pillars of islam the hajj is
    A. a public prayer on friday at midday to worship allah.
    B. the observation of the holy month of july uncluding fasting from dawn to sunset
    C. ones duty to give alms to the poor and unfortunate.
    D. a pilgrimage to makkah.
    D. a pilgrimage to makkah.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. means of determing guilt under germanic law
    ordeal
  77. created the carolingian empire
    charlemange
  78. norsemen of scandinavia
    benedict
  79. a man who served a lord in military capacity
    vassal
  80. heavily armored cavalry soldier
    knight
  81. gave written recognition to the mutual rights and obligations between kings and vassals
    magna carta
  82. under early germanic law, a wrongdoer had to pay ___ or "money for a man" to the family on the person he injured or killed.
    A. kronen
    B. bieren
    C. wergild
    D. munster
    C. wergild
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. charlemange established the missi dominci who were
    A. messengers who carried the kings art to all the cities in the kingdom.
    B. two men who were sent out to local districts to ensure that the counts were carrying out the kings orders,
    C. ministers charged with the task of promoting sports in the kingdom,
    D. nuns charged with the education of young men in order to prepare them for a life in clergy.
    B. two men who were sent out to local districts to ensure that the counts were carrying out the kings orders,
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. at the heart of feudalism was
    A. serfdom which meant that all non vassals laboned to support the serfs.
    B. vassalage which meant warriors swore loyalty to a lord who in turn took care of their needs.
    C. the grant of serfs made to loyal vassals which was known as a fief.
    D. the knight who was the enforcer of the lord and a protector of the lords lands
    B. vassalage which meant warriors swore loyalty to a lord who in turn took care of their needs.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. which of the following was a set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal?
    A. vassalage
    B. feudal contract
    C. book of the dead
    D. fief
    B. feudal contract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. the domesday book was
    A. the worlds first novel
    B. the history of england
    C. the first census since roman times
    D. a book of prophecy
    C. the first census since roman times
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. justinians codification of roman law resulted in
    A. the magna carta
    B. the body of civil law
    C. the divine comedy
    D. the domesday book
    B. the body of civil law
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. a tenth of ones produce
    tithe
  89. artisans and merchants living in walled cities
    bourgeoisie
  90. members of the wealthiest and most powerful families
    patricians
  91. court created by the church to find and try heretics
    inquisition
  92. attempted to reconcile aristotles teachings with the doctrines of christianity
    saint thomas aquinas
  93. defeated the french at the battle of agincourt
    henry v
  94. which of the following was a heavy wheeled plow with an iron plowshare?
    A. sarruca
    B. dozer
    C. cabochon
    D. shovel
    A. sarruca
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. serfs were different from peasants in that serfs
    A. lived in the cities and were not farmers like the peasants.
    B. owned the land they worked on
    C. were legally bound to land upon which they worked and lived.
    D. could live anywhere they chose except land that was part of a lords estate.
    C. were legally bound to land upon which they worked and lived.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. born to a wealthy merchant family francis of assisi
    A. was both a successful wealthy merchant and a very popular novelist
    B. gave up his claim to the family fortunes to join the benedictine monastic order and compare music
    C. eventually abandoned all worldly goods and material pursuits to live and preach in poverty
    D. used his status in society to improve the life of women,
    C. eventually abandoned all worldly goods and material pursuits to live and preach in poverty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. the chief task ____ was to harmonize christian teachings with the works of the greek philosophers
    A. saint francis of assisi
    B. the chanson de geste
    C. algebra
    D. scholasticism
    D. scholasticism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. joan of arc brought the hundred years was to decisive turning point by
    A. seducing charles
    B. fleeing to the english
    C. inspiring the french with her faith
    D. spying on the english armies
    C. inspiring the french with her faith
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. lived in villages that consisted of longhouses surrounded by a wooden fence
    iroguois
  100. lived in the southwest in present day new mexico arizona utah and colorado
    anasazi
  101. earliest known civilization of mesoamerica
    olmec
  102. used both a solar calendar and a sacred calendar for measuring time
    maya
  103. iroguois home
    longhouse
  104. supreme mayan god
    itzamna
  105. the hopewell peoples are especially known for
    A. the windmills they built
    B. the grand council
    C. the colorful beads they made
    D. earth mounds they built
    D. earth mounds they built
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. the great peace created
    A. an alliance of five groups
    B. new types of ckans
    C. a hundred years of peace
    D. an end to all violence
    A. an alliance of five groups
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. the plains indians used the buffalo for
    A. beasts of burden
    B. food clothing tools and shelter
    C. pets
    D. ploughing fields
    B. food clothing tools and shelter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. which of the following is the name given to the arean of mexico and central america where ancient empires floursihed?
    A. mesoamerica
    B. bermuda
    C. yucatan
    D. tikal
    A. mesoamerica
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. the aztec capital _____ was built on an island in the middle of lake texcoco
    A. chichen itza
    B. mexico city
    C. teotihucan
    D. tenochtitlan
    D. tenochtitlan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. what kind of forced labor did most of the inca residents perform
    A. military service
    B. religious service
    C. construction service
    D. maintenance of the emperors land
    C. construction service
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
kim12897
ID:
193465
Card Set:
History Exam
Updated:
2013-01-18 01:06:08
Tags:
history
Folders:

Description:
history exam
Show Answers: