Introduction to Surgical Technology

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Introduction to Surgical Technology
2013-02-23 12:40:42
1405 Unit

SRGT 1405 - Chapter 1 Vocab.
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  1. Core Curriculum for Surgical Technology
    The recommended appropriate curriculum template for an educational program that provides the expected entry-level knowledge for the surgical technologist.
  2. Accreditation Review Council on Education Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting (ARC/STSA)
    A committee on accreditation that is under the large umbrella of the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), which oversees the accreditation processes of surgical technology education programs
  3. Acronym
    A word formed by the initial letters of the principal components of a compound term
  4. Ambulatory Surgical Center
    Facility where patients are treated and released the same day; also known as outpatient surgery or same-day surgery center
  5. Association of Surgical Technologists (AST)
    The nonprofit national professional membership organization for surgical technologists and surgical assistants
  6. Circulator
    Nonsterile surgical team member who moves about the periphery of the sterile field
  7. Competency
    (1)Skill; (2)ability; (3)statements that establish the level of skill or quality needed to be able to perform the job duties of a profession
  8. Doctor of Osteopathy (DO)
    A physician who treats patients in a holistic manner and emphasizes the use of manipulative techniques for correcting abnormalities thought to cause disease and inhibit recovery
  9. Emergent
    Surgical pathology that is life threatening
  10. Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
    Health care organization that serves as both the insurer and provider of medical services; typically, a group of physicians provides services to a population of clients who voluntarily enroll in the program
  11. Intraoperative
    Occurs during the surgical intervention
  12. National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting (NBSTSA)
    Organization that is solely responsible for all decisions regarding certification, from determining eligibility to maintaining, denying, granting, and renewing the designation.
  13. Optional
    Surgical intervention that does not have to be performed in order to preserve life or limb
  14. Postoperative
    Period of time after surgery when the patient is recovering
  15. Preceptor
    Instructor or tutor who demonstrates the general rules of conduct and procedures and guides the students while they are practicing or performing
  16. Preoperative
    Period of time before the surgical procedure begins
  17. Professional
    An individual who has special education and experience in a given field and who meets certain competency-based and ethical criteria
  18. Proprietary
    Organization or company that is owned and operated by an individual or corporation with the intent of making a profit that is returned to the investors; the profit is taxable
  19. The Joint Commission
    An independent, nonprofit national organization that develops standards and performance criteria for health care organizations
  20. Urgent
    Surgical pathology requiring treatment within a relatively short period of time
  21. Vesalius
    Father of modern anatomy who openly challenged and corrected the scientific anatomical writings of Galen by dissecting cadavers to illustrate anatomy
  22. 1500 B.C.
    Vedas (Hindu)
    Correlates "sweet smell" of urine with a specific disease
  23. 1000 B.C.
    Early Greek history/myth provides a view of military medicine of the day
  24. 500 B.C.
    Established an early "scientific: mindset; founder of comparative anatomy
  25. 25000 B.C.
    Described the signs of inflammation
  26. A.D. 500
    First great anatomist; controlled thought, unchallenged, for 1500 years; biology made to serve theology
  27. 1500
    Greatest surgeon of the 16th century; began to ligate arteries after amputation; stopped cauterizing wounds with hot irons and oil
  28. 1500
    Father of modern anatomy; challenged Galen openly and correctly; performed dissections on human cadavers himself; used illustrators to create permanent records; changed the whole approach to anatomical studies
  29. 1800
    Inventor of the vaccination for smallpox
  30. 1850
    Father of microbiology, virology, and immunology
  31. 1850
    Developed technique of antiseptic surgery
  32. 1850
    Developed meticulous closure of wounds
  33. 1850
    Developed the X-ray machine
  34. 1900
    Father of neurosurgery; reduced mortality rate for meningiomas from 96% to 5%
  35. 1950
    Perfected the heart-lung machine; performed first U.S. heart transplant and first total artifical heart implant
  36. 1950
    Developed the first ventricular assist pump
  37. 1980s
    Technological revolution begins; endoscopic surgery becomes routine
  38. 1990s
    Computer age changes surgery; stereotactic approach to neurosurgery; virtual reality offers promise for education and clinical practice
  39. 2000s
    Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques, including lasers and robotic-assisted surgery, continue to evolve with the advances in biotechnology