The Surgical Patient
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
A model developed by Maslow that expresses human development and progression using developmental stages that prioritize needs
The person receiving medical treatment
Any need or activity related to genetics, physiology, or anatomy
A mental requirement or necessity for fulfillment as a person
A need to fit into society and to be accepted by one’s peers
A need for a connection with a higher order
The most basic needs are biological needs, such as the need for water, oxygen, food, and temperature regulation.
These needs refer to the perception on the part of the individual that his or her environment is safe.
Love and Belonging Needs
These are basic social needs--to be known and cared for as an individual and to care for another.
This level of need refers to a positive evaluation of oneself and others, a need to be respected and to respect others.
This is the need to fulfill what one believes is one's purpose.
Roy Adaptation Model
Views the patient as a bio-psychosocial individual that is constantly interacting with the environment with the ability to adapt by using coping skills in dealing with internal and external stressors.
Common types of coping mechanisms
3 Accepted definitions of death:
- 1. Cardiac death
- 2. Higher-brain death
- 3. Whole-brain death
Five Stages of Grief (Kubler-Ross)
- 1. Denial
- 2. Anger
- 3. Bargaining
- 4. Depression
- 5. Acceptance
Do not allow - Birth control and abortion
Do not allow - blood transfusions and abortion
- Do not allow - abortion
- Discourage - birth control and organ donation
What would you like to do?
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