Surgical Pharmacology and Anesthesia

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Author:
447aortega
ID:
193550
Filename:
Surgical Pharmacology and Anesthesia
Updated:
2013-02-23 12:40:54
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1405 Unit III
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Description:
SRGT 1405 - Chapter 9 Vocab.
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  1. Agonist
    Refers to an agent that stimulates or prolongs the response of a drug or a physiologic action
  2. Amnesia
    Lack of recall
  3. Anaphylaxis
    An immediate hypersensitivity reaction to a foreign protein or other specific substance
  4. Anesthesia
    Absence of sensation
  5. Antagonist
    Refers to an agent used to block the action of another drug or physiological action without producing any effect of its own
  6. Antimuscarinic/Anticholinergic
    Refers to an agent used to block parasympathetic effects such as salivation and bradycardia
  7. Aspiration
    Drawing in or out by suction
  8. Biotechnology
    The making of drugs in the laboratory using genetic engineering; also referred to as recombinant DNA technology
  9. Buccal
    Pertaining to the cheek or mouth
  10. Contraindication
    A reason why a specific procedure or drug may be undesirable or improper in a particular situation
  11. Doppler
    Ultrasonic device used to identify and assess vascular status of peripheral arteries and veins by magnifying the sound of the blood moving through the vessel
  12. Drug
    Agent used as a medicine for the diagnosis, treatment, cure, mitigation, or prophylaxis of a disease or condition
  13. Generic
    • Nonproprietary name for a drug that is often a shortened version of the chemical name and may include a reference to the intended use
    • Homeostasis
    • The reactions in the body that act and counteract to maintain the body in a normal physiological state
  14. Hypnosis
    Altered state of consciousness that may be achieved by suggestion of another, an individual’s own concentration, or with the use of a substance
  15. Indication
    A reason to perform a specific procedure or prescribe a certain drug
  16. Induction
    The second phase of general anesthesia, in which the patient is given induction drugs and intubated
  17. Intra-articular
    Within a joint
  18. Laryngospasm
    Sudden involuntary contraction of the larynx capable of causing partial or total occlusion of the larynx
  19. NPO
    Nothing by mouth; Latin acronym for nil per os
  20. Parenteral
    Taken into the body or administered in a manner other than through the digestive tract, as by intravenous or intramuscular injection.
  21. Pharmacodynamics
    The interaction of drug molecules with target cells, resulting in biochemical and physiological actions
  22. Pharmacokinetics
    The study of the movement of drugs through the body, involving absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and excretion
  23. Pharmacology
    The study of drugs and their actions
  24. Retrobulbar
    Behind the eyeball or pons
  25. Sedative
    Agent that produces a soothing or quieting effect but does not cause the person to sleep
  26. Topical
    As pertaining to anesthesia, an agent that is applied to the surface of the skin or anatomical structure (such as the eye) to produce a loss of feeling or sensation in the area of application; blocks the nerve conduction of superficial nerves
  27. Volatile Agents
    A group of liquids that easily evaporate and, when inhaled, produce general anesthesia through interaction with the CNS

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