Med Terms Ch 2

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19362
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Med Terms Ch 2
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2010-05-15 16:15:11
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Med Terms
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Med Terms
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  1. Control center of the cell, containing chromosomes
    nucleus
  2. The process of building up proteins in a cell
    anabolism
  3. the total of the chemical processes in a cell is known as
    metabolism
  4. a scientist who studies tissue
    histologist
  5. regions of DNA within a chromosome
    genes
  6. name for throat
    pharynx
  7. collection of fat cells
    adipose tissue
  8. windpipe
    trachea
  9. tube from the kidney to the urinary bladder
    ureter
  10. voice box
    larynx
  11. membrane surrounding the lungs
    pleura
  12. flexible connective tissue at joints
    cartilage
  13. tube from the urinary bladder to outside of body
    urethra
  14. cavity surrounded by the skull
    cranial cavity
  15. cavity in chest surrounded by ribs
    thoracic cavity
  16. cavity surrounded by the hip bone
    pelvic cavity
  17. cavity surrounded by the backbones
    spinal cavity
  18. cavity below the chest containing digestive organs
    abdominal cavity
  19. region of the neck
    cervical
  20. region of the chest
    thoracic
  21. region of the waist
    lumbar
  22. region of the sacrum
    sacrum
  23. region of the tailbone
    cocygeal
  24. opposite of deep
    superficial
  25. opposite of proximal
    distal
  26. opposite of prone
    supine
  27. opposite of dorsal
    ventral
  28. The left lung lies _____ to the heart
    lateral
  29. the ____ end of the humerus is at the shoulder
    proximal
  30. the liver lies ____ to the intestines
    superior
  31. A back bone is called a _____
    vertebra
  32. The ____ end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap
    distal
  33. the ____ plane divides the body into upper and lower portions
    transverse
  34. the ___ plane divides the body into right and left portions
    sagital
  35. the diaphragm lies ____ (_____) to the organs in the thoracic cavity
    inferior caudal
  36. removal of diseased portion
    craniotomy
  37. above the stomach
    epigastric
  38. benign tumor
    chondroma
  39. pertaining to the navel
    umbilical
  40. pertaining to the back of body
    posterior
  41. between back bone
    intervertebral
  42. space between the lungs
    mediastinum
  43. endocrine gland at the base of the brain
    pituitary gland
  44. sausage-shaped cellular structures in which catabolism takes place
    mitochondria
  45. pertaining to skin (surface) cells
    epidermal
  46. tumor of flesh (malignant)
    sarcoma
  47. pertaining to internal organs
    visceral
  48. picture of chromosomes in cell of nucleus
    karyotype
  49. what does RUQ stand for?
    right upper quadrant
  50. What does L5-S1 stand for?
    Lumbar 5 sacral 1
  51. malignant tumor of connective tissue
    chondrosarcoma
  52. ___ ___ lines external body surface and internal surfaces of organs
    epithelial cells
  53. study of tissues
    histology
  54. pertaining to the groin
    inguinal
  55. secretory organ in the neck
    thyroid gland
  56. muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
    diaphragm
  57. lateral
    sagital
  58. lying on back
    supine
  59. membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity
    peritoneum
  60. between proximal and distal
    medial
  61. closest to attachment of limb
    proximal
  62. farthest from trunk
    distal
  63. pertaining to the front
    anterior
  64. incision of the skull
    craniotomy
  65. contents of the cell (apart from nucleus and cell membrane)
    cytoplasm
  66. pertaining to the ilium
    iliac
  67. pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions
    lumbosacral
  68. pertaining to the nucleus
    nucleic
  69. incision of the chest
    thoracotomy
  70. pertaining to the belly side of the body
    ventral
  71. pertaining to casting up; building up substances (proteins) in the cell
    anabolic
  72. process of casting down; breaking down material in the cell to release energy
    catabolism
  73. pertaining to under the rib cartilages (area of the abdomen)
    hypochondriac regions
  74. state of building up (anabolism) and breaking down (catabolism); processes in a cell
    metabolism
  75. The process by which food is burned to release energyClick to flip
    catabolism
  76. part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs
    endoplasmic reticulum
  77. sum of the chemical porcesses in a cell
    metabolism
  78. part of a cell where catabolism primarily occurs
    mitochondria
  79. allows materials to pass into and out of the cell
    cell membrane
  80. genes are composed of
    DNA
  81. An epithelial cell is a(n)Click to flip
    skin cell
  82. the pituitary gland is in which body cavity?
    cranial
  83. Structure in the trachea
    Larynx
  84. the tailbone is the
    coccyx
  85. the RUQ contains the
    liver
  86. a piece of cartilage between backbones
    disk
  87. what does LUQ stand for?
    left upper quadrant
  88. what does RLQ stand for?
    right lower quadrant
  89. bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
    spinal column
  90. nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
    spina cord
  91. lower middle region below the umbilical region
    hypogastric
  92. contains the liver(right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
    RUQ
  93. Contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
    LUQ
  94. contains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter
    RLQ
  95. contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter
    LLQ

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