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  1. I.                   A Military Revolution
    • a.      War important in European affairs
    •                                                               i.      Military power essential to ruler’s rep and power= needed an effective militaryà military revolution (1560-1660)
    • b.      Medieval warfare (knights and archers)à Renaissanceà infantry with pikes and halberds arranged in rectangles (squadrons and battalions), adjusted by firearms
  2. I.                   A Military Revolution
    • a.      Gustavus Adolphus (Swedish king) developed first standing army of conscripts, notable for tactical flexibility
    •                                                               i.      Infantry brigades composed of equal  numbers of musketeers and pikemen, six men deep
    •                                                             ii.      Used the salvo, in which all rows of infantry fired at once instead of row by row
    • 1.      Cut up massed ranks of opposing infantry and followed by pike charge, giving infantry offensive deployment
  3. I.                   A Military Revolution
    Cavalry Improvements``
    •                                                               i.      Cavalry more mobile  
    • 1.      After shooting pistol volley, they charged with swords
    •                                                             ii.      Lighter artillery pieces more easily moved
    •                                                           iii.      All changes required coordination, careful training, and better discipline, forcing rulers to move away from undisciplined mercenaries
    •                                                           iv.      He was imitated
  4. I.                   A Military Revolution
    Warfare Change
    • a.      17th century: warfare change
    •                                                               i.      Standing armies more expensive and larger with better disciplined and better-trained soldiers educated in military schools
    •                                                             ii.      Armies introduced use of linear rather than square formations to provide greater flexibility and mobility in tactics
    • 1.      Increased use of firearms as musket with attached bayonet which replaced pike in ranks of the infantry
  5. I.                   A Military Revolution
    Naval Arms Race
    •                                                               i.      Naval arms raceà bigger warships or capital ships (ships of the line) with two or three decks carrying fifty-100 heavy cannons
    •                                                             ii.      Larger armies maintained through heavier taxes, making war economically burdening and more important
    • 1.      Creation of a large bureaucracy to supervise military resources of state led to growth in power of state governments
Card Set:
2013-01-18 21:44:14
HON 121

State Building and the Search for Order in the 17th Century
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